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Trastuzumab is an effective treatment for patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) that overexpresses HER-2. A high incidence of brain metastases (BM) has been noted in patients receiving trastuzumab. A retrospective chart review was conducted of 100 patients commencing trastuzumab for metastatic breast cancer from July 1999 to December 2002, at the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic gall stone disease. This study aimed to assess the effect of the operation on patients' symptoms. METHODS One hundred consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between June 1994 and June 1995 were evaluated using standard questionnaires examining(More)
Defining mechanisms that generate intratumour heterogeneity and branched evolution may inspire novel therapeutic approaches to limit tumour diversity and adaptation. SETD2 (Su(var), Enhancer of zeste, Trithorax-domain containing 2) trimethylates histone-3 lysine-36 (H3K36me3) at sites of active transcription and is mutated in diverse tumour types, including(More)
Ovarian carcinosarcoma, also called malignant mixed mesodermal tumour, is a rare ovarian tumour representing less than two per cent of ovarian cancers. Carcinosarcoma is an aggressive tumour, which associates some epithelial elements (carcinoma) with a stromal component (sarcoma). This tumour can be found in the female genital tractus, mostly in the uterus.(More)
AIM Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has the potential to assess inguinal lymph nodes more accurately than palpation and less invasively than surgical exploration. The objective of this study was to measure the accuracy of MRI in identifying inguinal metastases by demonstrating abnormal lymph node morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS 10 women with vulval(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of the prevalence of type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) infections is necessary to predict the expected, and to monitor the actual, impact of HPV immunisation and to design effective screening strategies for vaccinated populations. METHODS Residual specimens of cervical cytology (N=4719), CIN3/CGIN and cervical cancer biopsies(More)
Vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) is defined histopathologically by distinctive abnormalities of cellular maturation and differentiation. To investigate the functional properties of VIN, the expression of several proteins involved in the regulation of the cell cycle as well as in situ DNA replication competence was analysed by immunohistochemistry.(More)
Tegafur-uracil (UFT) plus leucovorin (LV, folinic acid) with alternating irinotecan and oxaliplatin were effective and well tolerated in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in a phase I study. This study expanded the maximum tolerated dose group. Patients aged >or=18 years had histologically confirmed, inoperable, previously untreated,(More)