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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is the major product of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to assess PGE2 cell surface receptors (EP 1–4) to examine the mechanisms by which PGE2 regulates tumour progression. Gene expression studies were performed by quantitative RT-PCR. Cell cycle was analysed by flow cytometry with cell proliferation(More)
Chemotherapy-induced diarrhea (CID) is a common and often severe side effect experienced by colorectal cancer (CRC) patients during their treatment. As chemotherapy regimens evolve to include more efficacious agents, CID is increasingly becoming a major cause of dose limiting toxicity and merits further investigation. Inflammation is a key factor behind(More)
BACKGROUND Body image refers to a person's sense of their physical appearance and body function. A negative body image self-evaluation may result in psychosocial dysfunction. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are associated with disabling features, and body image dissatisfaction is a concern for many patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The relationship between site of intestinal inflammation and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) development in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been studied extensively, but may be important in understanding the pathogenesis of PSC. We aimed to determine patterns of disease distribution in IBD patients with and without PSC. (More)
To determine the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity, we administered doxorubicin (Dox) to mice with genetic disruption of COX-2 (COX-2-/-). After treatment with Dox, COX-2-/- mice had increased cardiac dysfunction and cardiac cell apoptosis compared with Dox-treated wild-type mice. The expression of the death-associated(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate whether changes in expression of CD39 by regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) impact treatment response in inflammatory bowel disease. To then define the biological role of expression of CD39 on Treg in an animal model of colitis. METHODS A prospective study of consecutive patients commencing anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy with(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrence of Crohn's disease is common after intestinal resection. A number of agents have been studied in controlled trials with the goal of reducing the risk of endoscopic or clinical recurrence of Crohn's disease following surgery. OBJECTIVES To undertake a systematic review of the use of medical therapies for the prevention of(More)
BACKGROUND The use of self-expanding metal stents as a bridge to surgery in the setting of malignant colorectal obstruction has been advocated as an acceptable alternative to emergency surgery. However, concerns about the safety of stenting have been raised following recent randomized studies. OBJECTIVES The aim of the current study was to compare(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Administration of infliximab to patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) (rescue therapy) can reduce the rate of early colectomy (within 12 months), but long-term rates of colectomy are the same as those of the pre-biologic era for these patients. The half-life of infliximab is shorter in patients with ASUC than in patients(More)