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Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) affects 33 million individuals worldwide and is a leading cause of blindness. In a study of 54 families with autosomal dominantly inherited adult-onset POAG, we identified the causative gene on chromosome 10p14 and designated it OPTN (for "optineurin"). Sequence alterations in OPTN were found in 16.7% of families with(More)
We recently reported three truncating mutations of the cytochrome P4501B1 gene (CYP1B1) in five families with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) linked to the GLC3A locus on chromosome 2p21. This could be the first direct evidence supporting the hypothesis that members of the cytochrome P450 superfamily may control the processes of growth and(More)
Recently, RAD51C mutations were identified in families with breast and ovarian cancer. This observation prompted us to investigate the role of RAD51D in cancer susceptibility. We identified eight inactivating RAD51D mutations in unrelated individuals from 911 breast-ovarian cancer families compared with one inactivating mutation identified in 1,060 controls(More)
One of the major causes of blindness is primary open-angle glaucoma, which affects millions of elderly people worldwide. Genetic studies have so far mapped three loci for the adult-onset form of this condition to the 2cen-q13, 3q21-q24, and 8q23 regions. Herein, we report the localization of a fourth locus, to the 10p15-p14 region, in one large British(More)
INTRODUCTION Lymphoedema-distichiasis syndrome (LD) (OMIM 153400) is a rare, primary lymphoedema of pubertal onset, associated with distichiasis. Causative mutations have now been described in FOXC2, a forkhead transcription factor gene. Numerous clinical associations have been reported with this condition, including congenital heart disease, ptosis,(More)
Primary congenital lymphoedema (Milroy disease) is a rare autosomal dominant condition for which a major causative gene defect has recently been determined. Mutations in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) gene have now been described in 13 families world-wide. This is a review of the condition based on the clinical findings in 71(More)
Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a major form of glaucoma, associated with intraocular pressures that are within the statistically normal range of the population. OPA1, the gene responsible for autosomal dominant optic atrophy represents an excellent candidate gene for NTG, as the clinical phenotypes are similar and OPA1 is expressed in the retina and optic(More)
We report an allelic series of eight mutations in GATA2 underlying Emberger syndrome, an autosomal dominant primary lymphedema associated with a predisposition to acute myeloid leukemia. GATA2 is a transcription factor that plays an essential role in gene regulation during vascular development and hematopoietic differentiation. Our findings indicate that(More)
P rimary lymphoedema is oedema that occurs as a consequence of a failure of lymph drainage and arises from an intrinsic abnormality of the lymphatic system. Familial lymphoedema usually segregates as an autosomal dominant trait with reported variable expression and reduced penetrance. 3 Primary lymphoedema can be classified according to age of onset, at(More)
OBJECTIVE To map new genetic loci for adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) by using families previously unlinked to GLC1A-GLC1F. METHODS Initial genome scan and subsequent saturation mapping confirmed linkage to a locus on chromosome 2p15-p16. Forty-nine DNA samples from a single family with POAG with 113 individuals were used in this study. The(More)