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The metallothioneins (MT) are small, cysteine-rich heavy metal-binding proteins which participate in an array of protective stress responses. Although a single essential function of MT has not been demonstrated, MT of higher eukaryotes evolved as a mechanism to regulate zinc levels and distribution within cells and organisms. These proteins can also protect(More)
Metal regulation of the mouse zinc transporter (ZnT)-1 gene was examined in cultured cells and in the developing conceptus. Zinc or cadmium treatment of cell lines rapidly (3 h) and dramatically (about 12-fold) induced ZnT1 mRNA levels. In cells incubated in medium supplemented with Chelex-treated fetal bovine serum, to remove metal ions, levels of ZnT1(More)
Many phase II protective genes contain a cis -acting enhancer region known as the antioxidant response element (ARE). Increased expression of these genes contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress. Transgenic reporter mice were created that carry in their genome the core ARE coupled to the human placental alkaline phosphatase (hPAP)(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a newly discovered member of the EGF family of growth factors. HB-EGF can bind to two loci on cell surfaces, heparan sulphate proteoglycans and EGF-receptor (EGF-R), and either one or both of these interactions could play a role in cell-cell interactions. In the rodent, increased endometrial vascular(More)
The human ZIP4 gene (SLC39A4) is a candidate for the genetic disorder of zinc metabolism acrodermatitis enteropathica. To understand its role in zinc homeostasis, we examined the function and expression of mouse ZIP4. This gene encodes a well conserved eight-transmembrane protein that can specifically increase the influx of zinc into transfected cells.(More)
The ZIP5 gene encodes a protein closely related to ZIP4, a zinc transporter mutated in the human genetic disorder acrodermatitis enteropathica. Herein, we demonstrate that mouse ZIP5 and ZIP4 genes are co-expressed in several tissues involved in zinc homeostasis (intestine, pancreas, embryonic yolk sac). However, unlike expression of the ZIP4 gene, which is(More)
Estrogen has been shown to induce a rapid transient increase in c-myc mRNA in the rat uterus. However, no studies of the cell specificity of c-myc expression in the uterus have been reported, and nothing is known about the expression of c-myc in response to other steroids or during normal uterine preparation for implantation. To this end, the cell(More)
The regulation of divalent zinc has been observed in a wide range of organisms. Since this metal is an essential nutrient, but also toxic in excess, zinc homeostasis is crucial for normal cellular functioning. The metal-responsive-element-binding transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) is a key regulator of zinc in higher eukaryotes ranging from insects to mammals.(More)
The present study examined several aspects of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) in the mouse uterus during the peri-implantation period and after ovarian hormone treatment of adult ovariectomized mice. The cell-specific distribution, regulation of expression, and binding kinetics were assessed by immunohistochemistry, Northern blot analysis, and(More)