Glen A. Farr

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Enveloped viruses deliver their virions into the host cell by fusion with the cellular plasma or endosomal membrane, thus creating topological continuity between the cytosol and the inside of the viral envelope. Nonenveloped viruses are, by their very nature, denied this strategy and must employ alternative methods to breach their host cell's delimiting(More)
The Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is the major active transport protein found in the plasma membranes of most epithelial cell types. The regulation of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity involves a variety of mechanisms, including regulated endocytosis and recycling. Our efforts to identify novel Na(+),K(+)-ATPase binding partners revealed a direct association between the(More)
Newly synthesized apical and basolateral membrane proteins are sorted from one another in polarized epithelial cells. The trans-Golgi network participates in this sorting process, but some basolateral proteins travel from the Golgi to recycling endosomes (REs) before their surface delivery. Using a novel system for pulse-chase microscopy, we have visualized(More)
The tetA(L) gene of Bacillus subtilis encodes a transmembrane protein that can function as a Tc-metal/H+ antiporter, conferring low-level resistance to tetracycline. The TetA(L) coding sequence is preceded by a leader region that contains a 20-amino-acid open reading frame and an appropriately spaced ribosome binding site. Expression of the gene is induced(More)
The atomic structure of the DNA-containing T = 1 particle of the parvovirus minute virus of mice (MVM) reveals cylindrical projections at each fivefold symmetry axis, each containing an 8 Angstrom pore through which runs 10 amino acids of a single VP2 N-terminus. The tightest constriction of this pore is formed at its inner end by the juxtaposition of(More)
Cylindrical projections surrounding the fivefold-symmetry axes in minute virus of mice (MVM) harbor central pores that penetrate through the virion shell. In newly released DNA-containing particles, these pores contain residues 28 to 38 belonging to a single copy of VP2, disposed so that its extreme N-terminal domain projects outside the particle. Virions(More)
Plasma membrane expression of the Na,K-ATPase requires assembly of its α- and β-subunits. Using a novel labeling technique to identify Na,K-ATPase partner proteins, we detected an interaction between the Na,K-ATPase α-subunit and the coat protein, β-COP, a component of the COP-I complex. When expressed in the absence of the Na,K-ATPase β-subunit, the(More)
A 320-nucleotide RNA with several characteristic features was expressed in Bacillus subtilis to study RNA processing. The RNA consisted of a 5'-proximal sequence from bacteriophage SP82 containing strong secondary structure, a Bs-RNase III cleavage site, and the 3'-proximal end of the ermC transcriptional unit. Comparison of RNA processing in a wild-type(More)
Recent evidence indicates that newly synthesized membrane proteins that share the same distributions in the plasma membranes of polarized epithelial cells can pursue a variety of distinct trafficking routes as they travel from the Golgi complex to their common destination at the cell surface. In most polarized epithelial cells, both the Na,K-ATPase and(More)
In order to understand the mechanisms through which apical and basolateral membrane proteins achieve their subcellular distributions in polarized epithelial cells, it is critical to develop techniques that permit the selective observation of newly synthesized populations of these proteins. The SNAP tag system permits the detection and visualization of(More)