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Testosterone has been implicated in vascular remodeling associated with hypertension. Molecular mechanisms underlying this are elusive, but oxidative stress may be important. We hypothesized that testosterone stimulates generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), with enhanced effects in cells from(More)
We have demonstrated recently [Callera, Touyz, Teixeira, Muscara, Carvalho, Fortes, Schiffrin and Tostes (2003) Hypertension 42, 811-817] that increased vascular oxidative stress in DOCA (deoxycorticosterone acetate)-salt rats is associated with activation of the ET (endothelin) system via ETA receptors. The exact source of ET-1-mediated oxidative stress(More)
The gp91phox-containing NADPH oxidase is the major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cardiovascular system and inactivation of gp91phox has been reported to blunt hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy seen in angiotensin (Ang) II-infused animals. In the current study, we sought to determine the role of gp91phox-derived ROS on cardiovascular(More)
RATIONALE Although Nox5 (Nox2 homolog) has been identified in the vasculature, its regulation and functional significance remain unclear. OBJECTIVES We sought to test whether vasoactive agents regulate Nox5 through Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent processes and whether Ca(2+)-sensitive Nox5, associated with Rac-1, generates superoxide (O(2)(*-)) and activates(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) involves reactive oxygen species (ROS) through unknown mechanisms. We propose that Ang II induces phosphorylation of growth signaling kinases by redox-sensitive regulation of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) in VSMCs and that augmented Ang II signaling in spontaneously hypertensive(More)
We investigated whether gender differences in renal damage in DOCA-salt hypertension are associated with effects of ovarian hormones and/or endothelin-1 (ET-1). Renal injuries and renal pre-pro-ET-1 mRNA expression were enhanced in male and female ovariectomized (OVX) DOCA rats versus female DOCA rats. Treatment with estrogen plus progesterone or(More)
In the present study, we investigated the role of angiotensin type I (AT1) receptor in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) activation induced by acute ethanol intake in resistance arteries. We also evaluated the effect of ethanol on platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGF-R) phosphorylation and the(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine with protective actions on the vasculature. On the other hand, endothelin (ET)-1 has potent vasoconstrictor, mitogenic, and proinflammatory activities, which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of a number of cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that, in a condition where ET-1 expression is(More)
lates calpain and proinflammatory signaling through TRPM7-sensitive pathways in vascular smooth muscle cells. potential melastatin-7 (TRPM7) channels have recently been identified to be regulated by vasoactive agents acting through G protein-coupled receptors in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). However, downstream targets and functional responses remain(More)