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OBJECTIVES The MYH gene has recently been associated with multiple colorectal tumours. It participates in the DNA base-excision-repair, avoiding mutations in other genes, namely the APC and Ki-ras. Recently, biallelic MYH mutations have been described in patients with attenuated polyposis and in 7.5% with classic polyposis and no detectable APC mutation.(More)
A missense mutation at codon 640 in the APC gene was identified in a familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patient, however, its pathological consequence remained unclear. Here we found that this missense mutation interferes at the nucleotide level with an exonic splicing regulatory element and leads to aberrant splicing of the mutant APC transcript rather(More)
The genes responsible for the development of neuroblastoma following in vivo deletion or mutation are largely unknown. We have performed loss of heterozygosity studies on a series of 24 Portuguese primary neuroblastomas using 6 polymorphic markers located at chromosome 9p21 spanning the p16/MTS1/CDKN2, p15/MTS2/CDKN2B, and the interferon alpha and beta(More)
Germinal mutations in the base excision repair (BER) gene MUTYH (MYH) have recently been described in association with predisposition to multiple colorectal adenomas and cancer. In contrast to the classic dominant condition of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) due to germinal mutations in the APC gene, the MYH polyposis is an autosomal recessive disease.(More)
Mismatch repair genes MSH2 and MLH1 are the two major genes implicated in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. For the past years, we have successfully searched for mutations in both genes in affected Portuguese families, by SSCP and DNA sequencing analysis but because of the advantages that DHPLC offers, we have established conditions in our(More)
Alu repeat sequences and other multiple copy repetitive elements are present throughout the human genome and are active in promoting recombination. It is believed that reverse transcription of transcribed Alu repeats followed by chromosomal integration has been responsible for the wide dispersion and high copy number of these sequences. During studies on(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is considered to be determined by germline mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes, especially MSH2 and MLH1. While screening for mutations in these two genes in HNPCC portuguese families, 3 previously unreported MSH2 and 1 MLH1 mutations have been identified in families meeting strict Amsterdam(More)
One of the most commonly mutated mismatch repair genes in human nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is MLH1. We identified a splice site mutation in MLH1 in a colorectal cancer proband (T-to-A at position -11 of intron 1 splice acceptor) and investigated its functional consequences by RT-PCR, using lymphocyte mRNA from the proband, two noncarrying(More)
We have identified certain unusually spliced cDNA species following PCR amplification of peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) mRNA from the hMSH2 gene. A naturally occurring transcript containing a nonsense codon due to the skipping of 5 exons was amplified from PBLs of several healthy individuals. A feature of this and another unusual splicing product was the(More)
Department of Clinical Genetics, Lund University Hospital, Sweden, Department of Oncology, Lund University Hospital, Sweden, Department of Cancer Genetics, St George’s Hospital, University of London, UK, Unité Mixte de Génétique Constitutionnelle des Cancers Fréquents, Hospices Civils de Lyon-Centre Léon Bérard, France, 5 National Centre for Medical(More)