Gjalt W. Huisman

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Poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) are a class of microbially produced polyesters that have potential applications as conventional plastics, specifically thermoplastic elastomers. A wealth of biological diversity in PHA formation exists, with at least 100 different PHA constituents and at least five different dedicated PHA biosynthetic pathways. This(More)
Pseudomonas oleovorans grows on C(6) to C(12)n-alkanes and 1-alkenes. These substrates are oxidized to the corresponding fatty acids, which are oxidized further via the beta-oxidation pathway, yielding shorter fatty acids which have lost one or more C(2) units. P. oleovorans normally utilizes beta-oxidation pathway intermediates for growth, but in this(More)
Pseudomonas oleovorans accumulates poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) after growth on medium chain length hydrocarbons. Large amounts of this polyester are synthesized when cells are grown under nitrogen-limiting conditions. When nitrogen is resupplied in the medium, the accumulated PHA is degraded. In this paper, we describe mutants which are defective in(More)
The biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) by Pseudomonas putida KT2442 during growth on carbohydrates was studied. PHAs isolated from P. putida cultivated on glucose, fructose, and glycerol were found to have a very similar monomer composition. In addition to the major constituent 3-hydroxydecanoate, six other monomers were found to be present:(More)
Dps is a non-specific DNA-binding protein abundant in starved Escherichia coli cells and is important for the defence against hydrogen peroxide. We found that dps mRNA levels are controlled by rpoS-encoded sigma S, the transcriptional activator OxyR and the histone-like IHF protein. In exponentially growing cells, dps is induced by treatment with hydrogen(More)
Pharmaceutical synthesis can benefit greatly from the selectivity gains associated with enzymatic catalysis. Here, we report an efficient biocatalytic process to replace a recently implemented rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric enamine hydrogenation for the large-scale manufacture of the antidiabetic compound sitagliptin. Starting from an enzyme that had the(More)
Glutathionylspermidine (GSP) synthetases of Trypanosomatidae and Escherichia coli couple hydrolysis of ATP (to ADP and Pi) with formation of an amide bond between spermidine (N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-diaminobutane) and the glycine carboxylate of glutathione (gamma-Glu-Cys-Gly). In the pathogenic trypanosomatids, this reaction is the penultimate step in the(More)
The fluorescent pseudomonads are classified as a group, one characteristic of which is that they do not accumulate poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) during nutrient starvation in the presence of excess carbon source. In this paper we show that prototype strains from this subclass, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas putida, and Pseudomonas fluorescens,(More)
We have studied the accumulation kinetics and physical characteristics of the poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) formed by several Pseudomonas strains, mutants and recombinants. Although PHA synthesis generally begins only after an essential nutrient such as N, P, S or Mg becomes limiting, we have identified at least one strain (P. putida KT2442) that begins(More)
We describe a directed evolution approach that should find broad application in generating enzymes that meet predefined process-design criteria. It augments recombination-based directed evolution by incorporating a strategy for statistical analysis of protein sequence activity relationships (ProSAR). This combination facilitates mutation-oriented enzyme(More)