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BceA and bceB encode a nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) and membrane-spanning domain (MSD) subunit, respectively, of an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter in Bacillus subtilis. Disruption of these genes resulted in hypersensitivity to bacitracin, a peptide antibiotic that is non-ribosomally synthesized in some strains of Bacillus. Northern hybridization(More)
Substrate cover, water quality parameters and assemblages of corals, fishes, sponges, echinoderms, ascidians, molluscs, benthic foraminifera and macroalgae were sampled across a pronounced environmental gradient in the Jakarta Bay-Thousand Islands reef complex. Inshore sites mainly consisted of sand, rubble and turf algae with elevated temperature,(More)
The cell envelope is the target for many antibiotics. In Gram-positive bacteria, membrane alterations and dysfunction caused by antibiotics are sensed mainly by two classes of signal transduction systems: the ECF sigma factors and the two-component signal transduction systems (TCSs). Enduracidin is an antibiotic that inhibits the transglycosylation step of(More)
In order to manage and conserve coral reefs it is essential to understand the factors that structure reef communities. In Indonesia’s Jakarta Bay – Pulau Seribu reef complex, pronounced on-to-offshore variation in a number of variables was observed. Live coral cover, and echinoderm and fish species richness were higher in midshore sites than either in- or(More)
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