Giusi Barbata

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Early genetic instability induced in dividing V79-Cl3 Chinese hamster cells by inorganic arsenic, as demonstrated in our previous investigation, was evidenced by aneuploidy and nuclear abnormalities, but not by chromosomal rearrangements. Here we report the results of cytogenetic and morphological analyses performed on the progeny of cells dividing at the(More)
It is well established that inorganic arsenic induces neurotoxic effects and neurological defects in humans and laboratory animals. The cellular and molecular mechanisms of its actions, however, remain elusive. Herein we report the effects of arsenite (NaAsO2) on primary cultures of rat astrocytes. Cells underwent induction of heat shock protein 70 only at(More)
In order to assess at what time from the beginning of exposure inorganic arsenic can give rise to genetic instability and trigger apoptosis, V79-C13 Chinese hamster cells were treated with 10 microM sodium arsenite for 24 h. Under these conditions, cell survival was >70% and cells showed neither an increase in chromosome aberration frequency nor a delay in(More)
In order to assess the effects of combining two antimetabolites used separately to treat human leukemias, we carried out an experimental study by exposing V79 Chinese hamster cells, a 6-thioguanine (6-tG)-sensitive cell line, to sequential and concurrent treatments with 5-azacytidine (5-azaC) and 6-tG. In this paper, we demonstrate that there is a clear(More)
Chromosome studies of five patients with myelofibrosis and myeloid metaplasia were carried out on bone marrow cells and/or on peripheral blood without PHA. Abnormal clones were found in three patients. Such clones were a minority, compared with the number of cells with normal karyotypes in all three patients. Chromosomes abnormalities consisted of 5q- (case(More)
Here, we report the effects of exposure of mammalian cells to α-pinene, a bicyclic monoterpene used in insecticides, solvents and perfumes. Morphological analysis, performed in V79-Cl3 cells exposed for 1 h to increasing concentrations (25 up to 50 μM) of α-pinene, indicated a statistically significant increase in micronucleated and multinucleated cell(More)
Simultaneous involvement of bands 8p11 and 16p13 in a primary, even though rare, chromosomal translocation recently described in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia may be of crucial interest in some subtypes of this acute leukemia, particularly in the monocytic form. In the present report we describe this translocation in acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia FAB M4,(More)
The vinyl monomer acrylamide is characterized by the presence of an alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group that makes it reactive towards thiol, hydroxyl or amino groups and towards the nucleophilic centers in DNA. The ability of acrylamide to chemically modify protein thiols has prompted us to consider topoisomerase II as one possible target of acrylamide,(More)
We report the results of cytogenetic studies of direct bone marrow (BM) preparations and of short-term BM and peripheral blood (PB) cultures from 17 patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. We noted clonal chromosome changes in 10 patients. Abnormalities affected chromosomes X, Y, 2, 4, 5, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, and 22; in particular, chromosomes 2,(More)
Previously, we reported that the progeny of mammalian cells, which has been exposed to sodium arsenite for two cell cycles, exhibited chromosomal instability and concurrent DNA hypomethylation, when they were subsequently investigated after two months of subculturing (about 120 cell generations) in arsenite-free medium. In this work, we continued our(More)