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Oxidative stress is a condition in which oxidant metabolites exert toxic effects because of their increased production or an altered cellular mechanism of protection. The heart needs oxygen but it is also susceptible to oxidative stress, which occurs during post-ischaemic reperfusion, for example. Ischaemia causes alterations in the defence mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokine activation and endothelial dysfunction are typical phenomena of congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that incubating human umbilical vein endothelial cells with serum from patients with CHF will downregulate endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and induce apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 21(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), the free radical that accounts for the biological activity of endothelium-derived relaxing factor, is synthesized from L-arginine by NO synthase (NOS). There is evidence that NO availability is reduced in the peripheral vasculature of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of(More)
AIMS We studied the induction of monocytic inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and the tumour necrosis factor-alpha system in patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-three congestive heart failure patients and 15 healthy subjects were studied. Antigenic tumour necrosis factor-alpha and its soluble receptors, measured by(More)
Lacidipine is a new developed dihydropyridine calcium-antagonist, showing a slow onset and long lasting-selective activity. To assess whether the administration of lacidipine protects the myocardium in a dose-dependent manner against ischaemia and reperfusion, isolated rabbit heart were infused with three different concentrations of lacidipine: 10−10; 10−9;(More)
We determined the temperature-induced synthesis of the 72-kD heat-shock protein (hsp72) in hearts of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) subjected to whole-body hyperthermia (42.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C for 15 minutes). The animals were studied at three different ages: young (2 months), adult (6 months), and old (18 months). The hsp72 was(More)
We studied plasma concentration, content, and mRNA for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP-mRNA) in heart chambers of monocrotaline-treated rats. Three distinct groups emerged: group 1, with moderate congestive heart failure (CHF; pleural effusion < 1 ml; no peritoneal effusion); group 2, with severe CHF (pleural and peritoneal effusion > 1 ml); and group 3,(More)
Myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion induces NF-kappaB activation, but little is known about the stimuli through which it occurs. Aims of the study were to investigate whether: (a) oxidative stress induced by ischaemia/reperfusion is linked with NF-kappaB activation; (b) counteraction of oxidative stress by N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) reduces NF-kappaB activation.(More)
OBJECTIVES During cardiac failure several ontogenically developed adaptional mechanisms are activated. Among these, heat-shock proteins (HSP) are expressed in response to stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate the HSP72 protein expression in lungs, liver, cardiac and skeletal muscles during congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS CHF was(More)
Myocardial hibernation is an adaptive phenomenon occurring during ischaemia. Patients with hibernating myocardium often have a history of an acute ischaemic insult, followed by prolonged hypoperfusion and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF), which is a complex syndrome involving several adaptational mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that these two(More)