Learn More
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and an altered redox status are common biochemical aspects in cancer cells. ROS can react with the polyunsaturated fatty acids of lipid membranes and induce lipid peroxidation. The end products of lipid peroxidation, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), have been considered to be a second messenger of oxidative stress.(More)
Reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and other pro-oxidant agents are known to elicit, in vivo and in vitro, oxidative decomposition of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids of membrane phospholipids (i.e, lipid peroxidation). This leads to the formation of a complex mixture of aldehydic end-products, including malonyldialdehyde (MDA),(More)
4-Hydroxy-2,3-nonenal (HNE) is a biologically active aldehydic end product of oxidative decomposition of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids of membrane phospholipids, a process referred to as lipid peroxidation. HNE has been detected in several experimental and clinical conditions in which oxidative stress has been reported to occur and several(More)
A great variety of compounds are formed during lipid peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids of membrane phospholipids. Among them, bioactive aldehydes, such as 4-hydroxyalkenals, malondialdehyde (MDA) and acrolein, have received particular attention since they have been considered as toxic messengers that can propagate and amplify oxidative injury. In(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is a highly reactive aldehyde produced by lipid peroxidation of cellular membranes that inhibits growth and induces differentiation in HL-60 cells. Its mechanisms of action were investigated by analyzing the cell cycle distribution and the appearance of differentiated phenotypes in HL-60 cells. Data obtained by exposing cells to DMSO(More)
Overexpression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) and increased transcription of pro-collagen type I, are known to represent major events implicated in the development of liver fibrosis under either experimental or clinical conditions. Here we report that long-term dietary vitamin E supplementation in animals undergoing an experimental model(More)
In recent years, it has become evident that lipid peroxidation is not only a mechanism for deterioration of alimentary oils and fats, but can occur even in living cells, both in pathological and physiological conditions. Through its aldehydic products, it can regulate several cellular processes, as proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of normal and(More)
Reacytive Oxygen Species (ROS) have long been considered to be involved in the initiation, progression and metastasis of cancer. However, accumulating evidence points to the benefical role of ROS. Moreover, ROS production, leading to apoptosis, is the mechanism by which many chemotherapeutic agents can act. Beside direct actions, ROS elicit lipid(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) are promising antineoplastic agents for the treatment of cancer. Here we report that the lipid peroxidation end product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) significantly potentiates the anti-tumor effects of the HDAC inhibitor panobinostat (LBH589) in the PC3 prostate cancer cell model. Panobinostat and HNE inhibited proliferation(More)
Several studies point to the existence of an inverse correlation between cellular lipid peroxidation and both cell proliferation and neoplastic transformation. In anaplastic cell lines products of membrane lipid peroxidation are very low or undetectable. Furthermore numerous results demonstrate effect of lipid peroxidation products on central biochemical(More)