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The chemokine CXC ligand 8 (CXCL8)/IL-8 and related agonists recruit and activate polymorphonuclear cells by binding the CXC chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) and CXCR2. Here we characterize the unique mode of action of a small-molecule inhibitor (Repertaxin) of CXCR1 and CXCR2. Structural and biochemical data are consistent with a noncompetitive allosteric mode(More)
The CXC chemokine CXCL8/IL-8 plays a major role in the activation and recruitment of polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells at inflammatory sites. CXCL8 activates PMNs by binding the seven-transmembrane (7-TM) G-protein-coupled receptors CXC chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) and CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2). (R)-Ketoprofen (1) was previously reported to be a potent(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic pathway manipulation for improving the properties and the productivity of microorganisms is becoming a well established concept. For the production of important metabolites, but also for a better understanding of the fundamentals of cell biology, detailed studies are required. In this work we analysed the lactate production from(More)
Sialidases or neuramidases are glycoside hydrolases removing terminal sialic acid residues from sialo-glycoproteins and sialo-glycolipids. Viral neuraminidases (NAs) have been extensively characterized and represent an excellent target for antiviral therapy through the synthesis of a series of competitive inhibitors that block the release of newly formed(More)
The DFTB and DFT methods are applied to the study of different forms of the [Cu(HGGG)(Py)] complex in water, with the aim of identifying the most stable isomer. The DFTB calculations were possible thanks to a careful parametrization of the atom-atom repulsive energy terms for Cu-H, Cu-C, Cu-N, and Cu-O. The speciation process is carried out by computing(More)
Density functional theory has been used to investigate the reaction between H(2) and [Ni(NHPnPr(3))('S3')] or [Pd(NHPnPr(3))('S3')], where 'S3' = bis(2-sulfanylphenyl)sulfide(2-), which are among the few synthetic complexes featuring a metal coordination environment similar to that observed in the [NiFe] hydrogenase active site and capable of catalyzing(More)
Density functional theory was used to compare reaction pathways for H2 formation and H+ reduction catalyzed by models of the binuclear cluster found in the active site of [Fe] hydrogenases. Terminal H+ binding to an Fe(I)-Fe(I) form, followed by monoelectron reduction and protonation of the di(thiomethyl)amine ligand, can conveniently lead to H2 formation(More)
The di-iron complex Fe2(S2C3H6)(CO)6 (a), one of the simplest functional models of the Fe-hydrogenases active site, is able to electrocatalyze proton reduction. In the present study, the H2 evolving path catalyzed by a has been characterized using density functional theory. It is showed that, in the early stages of the catalytic cycle, a neutral mu-H adduct(More)
The toxicity of heavy metals, which is associated with the high affinity of the metals for thiolate rich proteins, constitutes a problem worldwide. However, despite this tremendous toxicity concern, the binding mode of As(III) and Pb(II) to proteins is poorly understood. To clarify the requirements for toxic metal binding to metalloregulatory sensor(More)