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Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with an altered sympathovagal balance determined by the nocturnal cyclic alternating of apneas and hyperventilation. The aim of this study was to determine whether the autonomic modulation of heart rate during obstructive apneas (OA) and central apneas (CA) in patients with sleep-disordered breathing is different.(More)
8-Iso-prostaglandin F(2 alpha) is present in increased amounts in airway inflammation. 8-Iso-prostaglandin F(2 alpha) constricts the airways via the activation of thromboxane A(2) receptors. However, thromboxane A(2) receptors are also present pre-junctionally on cholinergic nerve terminals innervating guinea pig trachea. We have demonstrated that(More)
Gastroesophageal acid reflux into the airways can trigger asthma attacks. Indeed, citric acid inhalation causes bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs, but the mechanism of this effect has not been fully clarified. We investigated the role of tachykinins, bradykinin, and nitric oxide (NO) on the citric acid- induced bronchoconstriction in anesthetized and(More)
Adenosine in a signaling nucleoside eliciting many physiological responses. Elevated levels of adenosine have been found in bronchoalveolar lavage, blood and exhaled breath condensate of patients with asthma a condition characterized by chronic airway inflammation. In addition, inhaled adenosine-5'-monophosphate induces bronchoconstriction in asthmatics but(More)
A study was carried out in patients with intermittent claudication (Fontaine's stage II). The atheromatous origin of the disease was confirmed and localized by angiography or Doppler. One hundred eight-three patients were selected initially (day -30) with a pain-free walking distance on a treadmill (at a speed of 3 km/h and a slope of 10%) ranging from 150(More)
The main complaint of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is shortness of breath with exercise, that is usually progressive. The principal mechanism that explains this symptom is the development of lung hyperinflation (LH) which is defined by an increase of functional residual capacity (FRC) above predicted values. Patients with COPD(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether endogenous opioids are involved in the regulation of breathing pattern and respiratory drive during bronchoconstriction induced by methacholine (MCh). We studied six male asymptomatic asthmatics 18 to 35 yr of age. In a preliminary study we determined the concentration of MCh causing a 60% fall in FEV1 (PC60(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchoconstriction induced by bradykinin is reduced by the release of nitric oxide (NO) in the airways of guinea pigs. Inhaled NO is known to cause bronchodilatation in asthmatic patients. To find out the role of endogenous NO in airway response to bradykinin in asthma, we examined the effect of the NO synthase inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine(More)