Giuseppe Ugo Di Maria

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Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with an altered sympathovagal balance determined by the nocturnal cyclic alternating of apneas and hyperventilation. The aim of this study was to determine whether the autonomic modulation of heart rate during obstructive apneas (OA) and central apneas (CA) in patients with sleep-disordered breathing is different.(More)
Adenosine in a signaling nucleoside eliciting many physiological responses. Elevated levels of adenosine have been found in bronchoalveolar lavage, blood and exhaled breath condensate of patients with asthma a condition characterized by chronic airway inflammation. In addition, inhaled adenosine-5'-monophosphate induces bronchoconstriction in asthmatics but(More)
To determine whether nocturnal hypoxaemia contributes to the excessive erythrocytosis (EE) in Andean natives, standard polysomnographies were performed in 10 patients with EE and in 10 controls (mean haematocrit 76.6 +/- 1.3% and 5.4 +/- 0.8%, respectively) living at an altitude of 4,380 m. In addition, the effect of O2 administration for 1 h prior to(More)
PURPOSE Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional method used by geriatricians and oncologists to detect and evaluate multiple age-related problems and to plan and coordinate interventions. Because its main drawback is the time required, efforts have been made to evaluate screening instruments suitable for preliminarily assessing(More)
Gastroesophageal acid reflux into the airways can trigger asthma attacks. Indeed, citric acid inhalation causes bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs, but the mechanism of this effect has not been fully clarified. We investigated the role of tachykinins, bradykinin, and nitric oxide (NO) on the citric acid- induced bronchoconstriction in anesthetized and(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease, which rapidly leads to chronic respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Currently, forced vital capacity (FVC) < 50% is considered as physiologic marker for admitting patients to Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) intervention, although it has been(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Overexpression of the tumor suppressor gene p53 and the marker for cellular proliferation Ki67 in open lung biopsies are indicated as predictor factors of survival of patients with lung cancer. However, the prognostic value of p53 and Ki67 in fiberoptic bronchial biopsies (FBB) has not been fully investigated. We evaluated p53 and(More)
A study was carried out in patients with intermittent claudication (Fontaine's stage II). The atheromatous origin of the disease was confirmed and localized by angiography or Doppler. One hundred eight-three patients were selected initially (day -30) with a pain-free walking distance on a treadmill (at a speed of 3 km/h and a slope of 10%) ranging from 150(More)
The main complaint of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is shortness of breath with exercise, that is usually progressive. The principal mechanism that explains this symptom is the development of lung hyperinflation (LH) which is defined by an increase of functional residual capacity (FRC) above predicted values. Patients with COPD(More)
BACKGROUND The increase in peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with activation of autonomic nervous system and hemodynamic responses. Nasal CPAP (nCPAP) is an effective treatment for OSA, but little is known on its effect on chemoreflex sensitivity. OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of nCPAP(More)