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The couvade syndrome can be considered to be the psychosomatic equivalent of primitive rituals of initiation into paternity. Various symptoms have been described in the husbands of pregnant women with an incidence from 11% to 65%. The most common of these are: variations in appetite, nausea, insomnia and weight gain. Seventy-three couples with the women in(More)
BACKGROUND Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. The aim of this study was to examine behavior in a sample of Italian subjects with reference to self-reported halitosis and emotional state, and specifically the presence of dental anxiety. METHODS The study was performed on Italian subjects (N =(More)
Age is associated with an enhanced low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation and atherosclerosis, thus, subjects over 80 years without cardiovascular disease provide a model to investigate the protective factors against atherosclerosis. Serum paraoxonase (PON1), an high density lipoprotein (HDL)-bound enzyme, prevents LDL oxidation. The aim of the present(More)
The high-affinity uptake of choline (HAChU) by freshly prepared crude synaptosomal fractions was employed as relative measure of regional brain cholinergic activity. The Vmax for uptake as determined by the accumulation of a tracer amount of 3H-choline in the presence of unlabeled choline (0.2-2 microM) varied 6 fold depending upon the region examined(More)
A series of 2,3,3a,4-tetrahydro-1H-pyrrolo[1,2-a]benzimidazol-1-ones were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity in DBA/2 mice against sound-induced seizures and in rats against maximal electroshock-induced seizures. Most of the derivatives showed an anticonvulsant effect better than that of valproate, a commonly used anticonvulsant drug.(More)
In several models of essential hypertension in the rat, the pressor response to central cholinergic stimulation is enhanced with respect to age-matched normotensive controls. Neurochemical evidence is available from previous studies to suggest that both pre- (transmitter synthesis and release) and post-synaptic (muscarinic receptors) components of(More)
The role of cholinergic neurons in central cardiovascular regulation is not well understood, however, activation of brain cholinergic neurons in several species evokes a hypertensive response. As with central cholinergic stimulation, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of substance P (sP) elicits a pressor response in unanesthetized rats. The purpose(More)
BACKGROUND Strong evidence has been reported that a high plasmatic level of fibrinogen plays a central role in the development of coronary heart disease. Many researches showed that stressful life events lead to an increase in plasmatic fibrinogen. The present investigation examined the relationship between plasmatic fibrinogen level and stressful life(More)
We sought to determine whether treatment with felbamate was capable to reduce the accumulation of putrescine induced by transient forebrain ischemia in the Mongolian gerbil. Gerbils underwent 10 min ligation of common carotid arteries followed by recirculation. Immediately after the release of the arterial occlusion, felbamate (75 and 150 mg kg(-1) i.p.)(More)
We sought to determine whether differences in cardiovascular responsiveness to central stimulation of the cholinergic system existed between the genetically epilepsy-prone and outbred Sprague-Dawley rats. We treated the unanaesthetized, restrained rats with the indirect cholinergic agonist physostigmine (25, 50, 100 and 200 micrograms kg-1, i.v.) and the(More)