Giuseppe Spidalieri

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Single-unit recordings were obtained from 404 neurons in the dentate and interposed nuclei in two monkeys trained to perform simple movements of the elbow in response to three different sensory cues: a light, a tone, and a small, brief perturbation of the trained forearm. Both flexion and extension movements were investigated. Those dentate neurons that(More)
Single-unit recordings from motor cortex (area 4) were obtained in two monkeys trained to perform simple flexion and extension movements of the arm in response to somesthetic, visual, and auditory signals. All neurons tested showed movement-related responses that were identical for equivalent movements irrespective of the modality of the triggering(More)
Single-unit recordings from motor cortex (area 4) were obtained before and after dentate lesion in two monkeys executing fast elbow flexions and extensions in response to randomly presented visual, auditory, and somesthetic stimuli. There were no starting or ending reference points or preparatory signals. Monkeys were trained to perform movements larger(More)
This article describes the behavior of motor cortex neurons recorded in macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta) which had been trained to make extension and flexion movements about the elbow in response to auditory, visual, or somesthetic cues. The pattern of activity of 65% of those movement-related neurons which were recorded during both flexion and extension(More)
Unitary discharge was recorded from 157 cells in area 5 of 2 monkeys trained to perform rapid movements of the contralateral arm. Ninety-six cells were task-related. The earliest movement-related modulation in discharge for the large majority of cells (92%) followed the onset of electromyographic (EMG) activity. The discharge pattern of almost all units for(More)
This study was carry out to obtain direct evidence that the body midline actually is perceived and to assess some psychophysical properties of this line. Twelve normal, right-handed male subjects were asked to make accurate pointing movements toward the midline of the anterior trunk on the basis of their mental representation of this line. Each hand was(More)
GABA release from the cortical surface was measured in freely moving guinea-pigs using collecting cups and a mass-fragmentographic method. Stimulation of the locus coeruleus caused a prolonged sedation of the animals and a 60% increase of GABA output from their cerebral cortex. Similar results were obtained after intraventricular injections of(More)
Experiments were performed in unanaesthetized guinea-pigs in order to obtain direct evidence that the noradrenergic projections from locus coeruleus (L.C.) to cerebral cortex inhibit the acetylcholine (ACh) release. The animals were provided with left and right epidural cups, to collect outflowing ACh and with a stimulating electrode, positioned in the left(More)
Experiments were performed in 13 chloralose-anaesthetized, curarized cat preparations (monitoring of rectal temperature, heart rate, expired pCO2 and EEG), in order to ascertain whether, and to what extent, the reactivity to ipsilateral skin shocks of the neurones of the anterior ectosylvian and anterior suprasylvian gyri (AEG and ASG, respectively) is(More)