Giuseppe Servillo

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Regulation of tryptophan metabolism by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in dendritic cells (DCs) is a highly versatile modulator of immunity. In inflammation, interferon-γ is the main inducer of IDO for the prevention of hyperinflammatory responses, yet IDO is also responsible for self-tolerance effects in the longer term. Here we show that treatment of(More)
Pressure-volume (P-V) curves of the respiratory system allow determination of compliance and lower and upper inflection points (LIP and UIP, respectively). To minimize lung trauma in mechanical ventilation the tidal volume should be limited to the P-V range between LIP and UIP. An automated low flow inflation (ALFI) technique, using a computer-controlled(More)
Mechanical ventilation may promote overdistension-induced pulmonary lesions in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The static pressure-volume (P-V) curve of the respiratory system can be used to determine the lung volume and corresponding static airway pressure at which lung compliance begins to diminish (the upper inflection point, or(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this prospective, observational study was to evaluate changes in regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and incidence of intraoperative cerebral desaturation in a cohort of elderly patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS rSO2 was continuously monitored on the left and right sides of the forehead in 60(More)
Intensive care unit (ICU) is a setting in which the most technologically and advanced treatments are used to manage severe and acute diseases. The aim of such life sustaining treatment is to preserve and restore the critical patient’s lifequality [1]. Therefore, the nature of ICU is to give the best life care to discharge the patients previously admitted.(More)
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterised by headache, visual disorders, seizures, altered mentation, consciousness disturbances and focal neurological signs. Initially described in patients with pre and eclampsia, severe hypertension, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome can occur in other clinical conditions such as(More)
AIM In the treatment of the critically ill patients an adequate fluid therapy appears to be essential to optimize hemodynamics and to get a suitable tissue perfusion. In this study we have evaluated the effects of volume replacement, carried out with 2 different solutions: hydroxyethyl starch 6% (HAES) and albumin 20% (HA). METHODS Twenty patients(More)
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a well-recognized clinico-neuroradiological transient condition. Early recognition is of paramount importance for prompt control of blood pressure or removal of precipitating factors and treatment of epileptic seizures or status epilepticus. Delay in the diagnosis and treatment may in fact results in(More)
Disease tolerance is the ability of the host to reduce the effect of infection on host fitness. Analysis of disease tolerance pathways could provide new approaches for treating infections and other inflammatory diseases. Typically, an initial exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a state of refractoriness to further LPS challenge (endotoxin(More)
To describe clinical, neuroradiological and evolutionary findings in obstetric patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Retrospective case series. University intensive care unit (ICU). Four critically ill patients. Two patients experienced PRES in late postpartum without the classical pre-eclamptic signs. All patients showed(More)