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Quantum computational logics provide a fertile common ground for a uniied treatment of vagueness and uncertainty. In this paper we describe an approach to the logic of quantum computation that has been recently taken up and developed by the present authors. Special attention will be devoted to a generalisation of Chang's MV algebras (called quasi-MV… (More)

- Claudio Moraga, Otmane Ait Mohamed, Vincenzo Marra, Simone Bova, Igor Aizenberg, Marek Perkowski +35 others
- 2011

Quantum computation and quantum computational logics are intrinsically connected with some puzzling epistemic problems. In the framework of a quantum computational approach to epistemic logic we investigate the following question: is it possible to interpret the basic epis-temic operations (having information, knowing) as special kinds of Hilbert-space… (More)

- Enrico Beltrametti, Maria Luisa, Dalla Chiara, Roberto Giuntini, Roberto Leporini, Giuseppe Sergioli +5 others
- 2013

Some critical open problems of epistemic logics can be investigated in the framework of a quantum computational approach. The basic idea is to interpret sentences like " Alice knows that Bob does not understand that π is irrational " as pieces of quantum information (generally represented by density operators of convenient Hilbert spaces). Logical epistemic… (More)

- H Freytes, G Sergioli, A Aricò
- 2015

A model of quantum computation is discussed in (Aharanov et al 1997 Proc. in which quantum gates are represented by quantum operations acting on mixed states. It allows one to use a quantum computational model in which connectives of a four-valued logic can be realized as quantum gates. In this model, we give a representation of certain functions, known as… (More)

Parallelism represents an essential aspect of human mind/brain activities. One can recognize some common features between psychological parallelism and the characteristic parallel structures that arise in quantum theory and in quantum computation. The article is devoted to a discussion of the following questions: a comparison between classical probabilistic… (More)

- Maria Luisa, Dalla Chiara, Roberto Giuntini, Roberto Leporini, Giuseppe Sergioli
- 2014

Quantum computational logics represent a logical abstraction from the circuit-theory in quantum computation. In these logics formulas are supposed to denote pieces of quantum information (qubits, qureg-isters or mixtures of quregisters), while logical connectives correspond to (quantum logical) gates that transform quantum information in a reversible way.… (More)

- Marco Giunti, Giuseppe Sergioli, Giuliano Vivanet, Introduzione
- 2013

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Shi and Aharonov have shown that the Toffoli gate and the Hadamard gate give rise to an approximately universal set of quantum computational gates. The basic algebraic properties of this system have been studied in Dalla Chiara et al. (Foundations of Physics 39(6):559–572, 2009), where we have introduced the notion of Shi-Aharonov quantum computational… (More)