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BACKGROUND Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor triggering by PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibits T cell activation. PD-L1 expression was detected in different malignancies and associated with poor prognosis. Therapeutic antibodies inhibiting PD-1/PD-L1 interaction have been developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS A tissue microarray (n=1491) including healthy colon(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA), a ligand for the activating immunoreceptor natural killer group 2D (NKG2D), is expressed on stressed cells such as tumor cells. Study of expression of this molecule on tumor cells and patients' sera is useful to define patients' stages leading to proper selection of therapy. In this(More)
Ceramide regulates several different cellular responses including mechanisms leading to apoptosis. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible protein kinase (SGK)-1 is a serine threonine kinase, which activates survival pathways in response to stress stimuli. Recently, we demonstrated an anti-apoptotic role of SGK-1 in human umbilical endothelial cells treated(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of HLA class II antigen expression in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) tumors, its association with the clinical course of the disease, and the underlying mechanism(s). Two tissue microarrays constructed with 220 and 778 CRC tumors were stained with HLA-DR, DQ, and DP antigen-specific monoclonal antibody(More)
The choice of either induction or postremission therapy for adults with acute myeloid leukemia is still largely based on the "one size fits all" principle. Moreover, pretreatment prognostic parameters, especially chromosome and gene abnormalities, may fail in predicting individual patient outcome. Measurement of minimal residual disease (MRD) is nowadays(More)
Antigens implicated in the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) include WT1, PR1, and BCR-ABL. To detect very low frequencies of these antigen-specific CD8+ T cells, we used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to measure interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) mRNA production by peptide-pulsed CD8+ T cells from HLA-A*0201+(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) designed for adoptive immunotherapy need to achieve two functions: antigen recognition and triggering of the lytic machinery of reprogrammed effector cells. Cytotoxic T cells have been engineered with FcγRIII (CD16) chimeric molecules to be redirected against malignant cells by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs).(More)
Previous studies have shown that target cells that bind to CD44 adhesion molecules on cloned cytotoxic T cells are lysed by the CTL. To determine whether CD44 is also a cytotoxic trigger molecule in human PBL, we tested a bispecific Ab consisting of anti-CD44 Fab cross-linked to a Fab against a target cell Ag, in cytotoxicity assays using PBL as effectors.(More)
There is evidence that neutrophil production is a balance between the proliferative action of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and a negative feedback from mature neutrophils (the chalone). Two neutrophil serine proteases have been implicated in granulopoietic regulation: pro-proteinase 3 inhibits granulocyte macrophage-colony-forming unit(More)
Receptors used by natural killer (NK) cells to mediate natural cytotoxicity are poorly defined, although it is now clear that a number of adhesion molecules can serve this function. CD38 transduces signals on T- and B-cell lines, and we asked whether it could trigger lytic and secretory responses in human NK cells. By using an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody(More)