Giuseppe Sciarretta

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Aim of the study was to analyze the characteristics of motor action potentials recruitment during magnetic trans-cranial stimulation (TCS) of the brain. Coaxial needle recordings from hand and upper limb musculature, as well as surface electrodes were employed in 20 healthy controls during magnetic TCS with regular and figure-of-8 coil in different(More)
Although bile acid malabsorption (BAM) in post-cholecystectomy diarrhea (PCD) is a well-known clinical condition, its true etiopathogenetic role is not entirely clear. The SeHCAT (23-selena-25-homotaurocholic acid) test, a simple and reliable BAM test, was performed in 33 cholecystectomized patients, 26 with chronic diarrhea. The test revealed a marked(More)
Scintigraphy with autologous granulocytes labelled by technetium-99m hexamethyl, propylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) was performed in 103 Crohn's disease patients and 52 healthy controls. In 31 patients endoscopic and histologic activity was compared with scan activity index. In the 98 patients with a positive scan, the extent of Crohn's disease, assessed(More)
Retained-antrum syndrome is a rare condition, occurring in Billroth II gastrectomised patients, in which an ulcer recurs associated with high levels of circulating gastrin. Some gastrin tests are useful to differentiate a retained antrum from a gastrinoma, but a firm diagnosis is sometimes very difficult. We have studied two cases of retained-antrum(More)
Lactose malabsorption was studied, by hydrogen breath test, in 72 adults suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, in 20 ulcerative colitis patients, and in 69 healthy subjects. The minimum dose of lactose required to cause a positive breath test was determined, and the symptoms caused and the resulting hydrogen eliminated quantified. A high incidence of(More)
Abdominal gamma-counting after oral administration of 23-selena-25-homocholyltaurine (75SeHCAT) was carried out on 23 healthy volunteers and 66 patients: 33 with distal ileum resections, 3 with Crohn's disease of the ileum, 17 suffering from various intestinal diseases but with normal ileum, and 13 with chronic diarrhea syndrome but without evident(More)
OBJECTIVES Chronic diarrhea of unknown origin is often associated with bile acid malabsorption, the pathogenetic role of which is uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify morphological abnormalities in the ileal and colonic mucosa in patients with this disorder. METHODS We performed a prospective and blinded histopathological study (between June(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether bile acid malabsorption assessed by the 75SeHCAT test, had a pathogenetic role in functional chronic diarrhoea and to ascertain whether the small bowel transit time (SBTT) could be correlated with the 75SeHCAT test results. The test was based on the counting of the abdominal retention of a 75-selenium(More)
Tablets of mesalazine covered with a pH-dependent coating (Pentacol), labeled by an original technique with technetium-99m, were administered to 12 patients, 9 with Crohn's disease, 3 of which recurrent, 1 with ulcerative colitis, and 2 with irritable bowel syndrome, with the aim of verifying in vivo the intestinal site of disintegration and how the(More)