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The aim of this study was to investigate the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the plaque composition in neuropathic type 2 diabetic subjects with and without Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) undergoing multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCT-CA). The study was a single-center, observational, with unmatched case-control design.(More)
OBJECTIVE Charcot neuroarthropathy is a disabling complication of diabetes. Although its pathogenesis remains unknown, we suppose that genetics may play a relevant role. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We performed a case-control study with 59 subjects with diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (Ch group), 41 with diabetic neuropathy without Charcot(More)
AIMS Several studies have investigated the effects of metformin treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). No study has hitherto examined its effects on endothelial function in these patients. In this study we sought to evaluate the effect of metformin on endothelial function in type 1 diabetic patients. METHODS Forty-two uncomplicated(More)
AIMS The effect of a balanced, carbohydrate-counting diet on glycaemic control in Type 1 diabetic subjects is unclear. Our aim was to determine its effect in a small, pilot trial. METHODS We randomized 256 Type 1 diabetic subjects to a Nutritional Education Programme (group A) or not (group B). Weight, body mass index, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), lipid(More)
AIM At the state of art it's unknown the correlation between diabetes and lower gastrointestinal disorders. Some studies show a significantly higher prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth in patients with type I diabetes in particular complicated by autonomic neuropathy. No data exists about gastrointestinal methane production in patients with(More)
AIMS Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is a disabling complication, culminating in bone destruction and involving joints and articular cartilage with high inflammatory environment. Its real pathogenesis is as yet unknown. In autoinflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, characterized by inflammation and joint involvement, autoantibodies against(More)
BACKGROUND Cellular studies showed that histone methyltransferase Set7 mediates high glucose-induced inflammation via epigenetic regulation of the transcription factor NF-kB. However, the link between Set7 and vascular dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate whether Set7 contributes to vascular(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a pandemics that affects more than 170 million people worldwide, associated with increased mortality and morbidity due to coronary artery disease (CAD). In type 1 (T1) DM, the main pathogenic mechanism seems to be the destruction of pancreatic β -cells mediated by autoreactive T-cells resulting in chronic insulitis, while in type 2(More)
Estrogen receptor levels were determined at the time of ovariectomy in 71 premenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Three groups of estrogen receptor concentration were established: less than 10 fmol/mg cytosol protein (group 1), between 10 and 25 fmol/mg cytosol protein (group 2), and more than 25 fmol/mg cytosol protein (group 3). The frequency of(More)
AIM Diabetes is a major driver of cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Prolyl-isomerase Pin1 recognizes specific peptide bonds and modulates function of proteins altering cellular homoeostasis. The present study investigates Pin1 role in diabetes-induced vascular disease. METHODS AND RESULTS In human aortic endothelial(More)