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BACKGROUND Controversy surrounds the relatedness of fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) and immunotactoid glomerulonephritis (IT). METHODS To better define their clinicopathologic features and outcome, we report the largest single center series of 67 cases biopsied from 1980 to 2001, including 61 FGN and 6 IT. FGN was defined by glomerular immune(More)
The activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is thought to play a significant role in the development of target organ damage in essential hypertension. An insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has recently been associated with increased risk for left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary heart(More)
Microalbuminuria has been associated with a cluster of metabolic and nonmetabolic risk factors, suggesting that it might indicate the presence of generalized microvascular damage in patients with essential hypertension. To explore whether microalbuminuria is associated with early target organ damage, two groups of essential hypertensive patients, with (n =(More)
The prevalence of microalbuminuria and its relationship with several cardiovascular risk factors and target organ damage were evaluated in a cohort of 787 untreated patients with essential hypertension. Albuminuria was measured as the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in three nonconsecutive, first morning urine samples. The prevalence of microalbuminuria was(More)
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a significant role in the development of hypertensive cardiac and vascular remodeling. Recently, several genetic variants of its key components, which may be clinically relevant and thus prove to be useful in the evaluation of cardiovascular risk, have been described. We therefore investigated(More)
Increased urine albumin excretion is associated with an unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile and prognosis in primary hypertension, even though its pathogenesis is currently unknown. Microalbuminuria (Mi) has been proposed as an integrated marker to identify patients with subclinical organ damage, but its routine use is still too often neglected in(More)
Microalbuminuria (Mi) is thought to reflect diffuse vascular damage and to predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in essential hypertension, although its pathogenesis remains to be fully elucidated. The relationship between microalbuminuria and several cardiovascular risk factors and target organ damage was evaluated in a large cohort of untreated(More)
The protective effects of ciprofloxacin and rufloxacin were compared to those of rifampicin againstMycobacterium tuberculosis infections in mice and in guinea pigs. Rifampicin was very protective in both models. In tubercular infections produced in mice, ciprofloxacin (30 mg/kg) showed slight protection but none was observed in guinea pigs. Rufloxacin, was(More)
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