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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules playing regulatory roles in animals and plants by repressing translation or cleaving RNA transcripts. The specific modulation of several microRNAs has been recently associated to some forms of human cancer, suggesting that these short molecules may represent a new class of genes involved in oncogenesis.(More)
AIMS To determine in a case-control study possible associations between the development of acute renal failure in preterm newborns and therapeutic interventions, particularly drug treatments. METHODS The study population was 172 preterm infants of <38 weeks gestation; 71 had acute renal failure and 101 were controls closely matched for gestational age and(More)
BACKGROUND Hypospadias is a congenital displacement of the urethral meatus in male newborns, being either an isolated defect at birth or a sign of sexual development disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence rate of hypospadias in different Districts of Italy, in order to make a comparison with other countries all over the world. (More)
The biological actions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) are mediated by two cell surface receptors, TNFR-1 and TNFR-2. These receptors do not display protein tyrosine kinase activity. Nevertheless, an early TNF-induced activation of specific tyrosine kinases has been reported as an important cue to the cellular response to this cytokine. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND There is recent evidence that mast cells may play important roles in the gut, especially concerning visceral hypersensitivity and motor activity. However, most data are only available for clinical conditions characterised by diarrhoea, where MC have chiefly investigated in the mucosal layer of the colon and there is almost no information(More)
BACKGROUND The use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in preterm infants has been documented and results from previous studies suggest the association between OMT and length of stay (LOS) reduction, as well as significant improvements in several clinical outcomes. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of OMT on LOS in premature(More)
Most studies of soy and cholesterol have tested foods made from purified soy proteins containing mainly isoflavone glycosides. Fermented soy foods have mainly isoflavone aglycons and account for a high proportion of the soy protein source in Asia, where there is an inverse relationship between soy intake and serum cholesterol. The aim of this study was to(More)
The concentration levels of serum lipids and lipoproteins were measured in three groups of children and adolescents treated with antiepileptic drugs: carbamazepine (14 patients), phenobarbital (20 patients), and valproic acid (20 patients). Patients treated with these drugs revealed significant changes in lipids and lipoproteins, but when the authors(More)
Extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESACs) and cryptic rearrangements are often associated with mental retardation and phenotypic abnormalities. In some cases their characterisation, using standard cytogenetic techniques and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), is difficult and time consuming, where a fast and accurate identification is(More)
We report on a cytogenetic study of 100 subjects with Down syndrome (DS), diagnosed from 1980 to 1988, and their parents. Free trisomy was present in 95% of the patients; 5% had trisomy due to an unbalanced translocation. Approximately 60% of patients were born to mothers younger than age 35 years, the highest number of DS births being in the group of(More)