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Sixty-four heterosexual Italian carriers of HBsAg with chronic HBeAg and hepatitis B virus DNA-positive hepatitis were assigned randomly either to receive human lymphoblastoid interferon (injections of 5 million units per m2 three times per week for 6 months) or to serve as untreated controls. After 18 months of follow-up evaluation, 26 of the 33 treated(More)
BACKGROUND Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) confers a high risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) development. Since patients at risk of CC may be selected for early liver transplantation, it is a challenge to identify any predisposing factors. We compared the presentation and natural history of a large number of PSC patients with and without later CC(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of short-term submaximal postprandial exercise on plasma glucose concentrations in tightly controlled insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated by means of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Two hours after breakfast, five diabetic patients and five healthy control subjects followed this(More)
BACKGROUND In the past few years, serologic markers have been proposed in inflammatory bowel disease. Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies showed high specificity for Crohn's disease. A prognostic role for serology has also been hypothesised. AIMS To evaluate anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody distribution in an unselected Italian inflammatory(More)
Colonoscopy is used in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease but its accuracy and the "weight" of the various endoscopic signs have not been assessed. In a prospective study 357 patients with 606 colonoscopies, in whom the endoscopic appearances were those of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's colitis, or indeterminate colitis, were followed-up(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the advantages of long-term vaginal administration of Lactobacillus rhamnosus after oral treatment with metronidazole to prevent the recurrence of bacterial vaginosis (BV). METHODS A total of 49 women with a diagnosis of BV were randomized into 2 groups. Group A was treated with a twice daily dose of 500 mg oral metronidazole for(More)
The course of chronic hepatitis B was studied in 30 patients who had antibody to hepatitis e antigen and hepatitis B virus DNA in the serum and hepatitis B core antigen in the liver. Over a 2-year period, no patient experienced a sustained spontaneous remission of disease, and follow-up liver histology revealed worsening of the disease in four patients.(More)
The clinical significance of a semi-quantitative microparticle enzyme immunoassay (IMx Core-M, Abbott) was evaluated for detection of IgM-class antibodies against the hepatitis B core antigen (IgM anti-HBc) in 136 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive individuals (96 chronic HBV carriers, 20 patients with chronic HBV-HDV infections and 20 patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to assess changes in the clinical pattern of hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection in Italy, brought about by improved control of hepatitis B and D viruses, and to establish the natural history of chronic hepatitis D. METHODS Histological diagnosis and clinical features of 122 patients with HDV recruited from 1987(More)
Heavy alcohol consumption has been reported to negatively affect the outcome of interferon therapy. We studied the impact of lifetime alcohol consumption in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon after 6 months of alcohol withdrawal. Alcohol intake was measured when patients with chronic hepatitis C were referred to us for the first time,(More)