Giuseppe Riccardi

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In this paper, we address the problem of computing a consensus translation given the outputs from a set of Machine Translation (MT) systems. The translations from the MT systems are aligned with a multiple string alignment algorithm and the consensus translation is then computed. We describe the multiple string alignment algorithm and the consensus MT(More)
We are interested in the problem of adaptive learning in the context of automatic speech recognition (ASR). In this paper, we propose an active learning algorithm for ASR. Automatic speech recognition systems are trained using human supervision to provide transcriptions of speech utterances. The goal of Active Learning is to minimize the human supervision(More)
We are interested in providing automated services via natural spoken dialog systems. By natural, we mean that the machine understands and acts upon what people actually say, in contrast to what one would like them to say. There are many issues that arise when such systems are targeted for large populations of non-expert users. In this paper, we focus on the(More)
Spoken Language Understanding (SLU) for conversational systems (SDS) aims at extracting concept and their relations from spontaneous speech. Previous approaches to SLU have modeled concept relations as stochastic semantic networks ranging from generative approach to discriminative. As spoken dialog systems complexity increases, SLU needs to perform(More)
This paper explores the use of innovative kernels based on syntactic and semantic structures for a target relation extraction task. Syntax is derived from constituent and dependency parse trees whereas semantics concerns to entity types and lexical sequences. We investigate the effectiveness of such representations in the automated relation extraction from(More)
Most research that explores the emotional state of users of spoken dialog systems does not fully utilize the contextual nature that the dialog structure provides. This paper reports results of machine learning experiments designed to automatically classify the emotional state of user turns using a corpus of 5,690 dialogs collected with the “How May I Help(More)
Parsing discourse is a challenging natural language processing task. In this paper we take a data driven approach to identify arguments of explicit discourse connectives. In contrast to previous work we do not make any assumptions on the span of arguments and consider parsing as a token-level sequence labeling task. We design the argument segmentation task(More)
Stochastic language models are widely used in spoken language understanding to recognize and interpret the speech signal: the speech samples are decoded into word transcriptions by means of acoustic and syntactic models and then interpreted according to a semantic model. Both for speech recognition and understanding, search algorithms use stochastic models(More)
State-of-the-art speech recognition systems are trained using transcribed utterances, preparation of which is labor intensive and time-consuming. In this paper, we describe a new method for reducing the transcription effort for training in automatic speech recognition (ASR). Active learning aims at reducing the number of training examples to be labeled by(More)
This paper describes the AT&T WATSON real-time speech recognizer, the product of several decades of research at AT&T. The recognizer handles a wide range of vocabulary sizes and is based on continuous-density hidden Markov models for acoustic modeling and finite state networks for language modeling. The recognition network is optimized for efficient search.(More)