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OBJECTIVE The long-term outcome of non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) patients is not clearly established, probably due to the low annual incidence and prolonged natural history of these rare tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical data at presentation and long-term post-surgery and radiotherapy outcome in a cohort of patients with(More)
Subclinical Cushing's syndrome is an ill-defined endocrine disorder that may be observed in patients bearing an incidentally found adrenal adenoma. The concept of subclinical Cushing's syndrome stands on the presence of ACTH-independent cortisol secretion by an adrenal adenoma, that is not fully restrained by pituitary feed-back. A hypercortisolemic state(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare neoplasm characterized by a high risk of recurrence after radical resection. Whether the use of mitotane is beneficial as an adjuvant treatment has been controversial. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant mitotane in prolonging recurrence-free survival. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis(More)
Either exogenous or endogenous glucocorticoid excess is an established cause of osteoporosis and fractures. Glucocorticoids exert their negative effects on bone through mechanisms that are not yet completely elucidated; however, as many as 50% of patients with Cushing’s syndrome suffer from osteoporosis. Bone loss induced by glucocorticoids is potentially(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess currently available evidence on adrenal incidentaloma and provide recommendations for clinical practice. DESIGN A panel of experts (appointed by the Italian Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AME)) appraised the methodological quality of the relevant studies, summarized their results, and discussed the evidence reports to find(More)
To investigate the activity of etoposide, doxorubicin, and cisplatin plus mitotane in the management of advanced adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) patients, 72 patients with measurable disease not amenable to radical surgery were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter phase II trial. EDP schedule (etoposide 100 mg/m(2) on days 5-7, doxorubicin 20 mg/m(2) on(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to define the frequency of hereditary forms and the genotype/phenotype correlations in a large cohort of Italian patients with pheochromocytomas and/or functional or nonfunctional paragangliomas. DESIGN We examined 501 consecutive patients with pheochromocytomas and/or paragangliomas (secreting or nonsecreting). Complete(More)
Ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) secretion is a rare cause of Cushing syndrome in paediatric age, due to tumours arising from different tissues. To date, only 11 reports of ACTH-secreting pancreatic tumours in children and adolescents exist in the literature. We present a paediatric case of Cushing syndrome caused by ectopic ACTH secretion. This(More)
PURPOSE We characterize the consequences of androgen deprivation therapy on body composition in elderly men. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry instrument, we determined the changes in bone mineral density, bone mineral content, fat body mass and lean body mass in 35 patients with prostate cancer without bone metastases who(More)
Acromegaly is an infrequent disease attributable to endogenous excess of GH and IGF-I. Human studies have associated the GH-IGF-I axis with the development of colorectal cancer; however, the question of whether colorectal cancer is a problem in acromegaly is currently unresolved. We performed a cross-sectional study to assess the risk of colonic neoplasia(More)