Giuseppe Pupita

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BACKGROUND In patients with stable coronary artery disease, the ischemic threshold for the production of effort-related angina is often quite variable. Although this feature is commonly attributed to changes in the caliber of coronary arteries at the site of stenosis, it could also be caused by the constriction of distal vessels, collateral vessels, or(More)
The intravenous infusion of adenosine provokes anginalike chest pain. To establish its origin, an intracoronary infusion of increasing adenosine concentrations was given in 22 patients with stable angina pectoris. During adenosine infusion, 20 patients had chest pain without electrocardiographic signs of ischemia. They all reported that the chest pain was(More)
Patients with syndrome X (typical angina pectoris, positive exercise tests [greater than or equal to 1 mm of ST-segment depression], no evidence of coronary spasm and angiographically normal coronary arteries) have a reduced coronary flow reserve due to inappropriate dilatation of small resistive vessels. To assess whether alpha-adrenergic mechanisms play a(More)
Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured using continuous inhalation of oxygen-15-labeled carbon dioxide, and positron emission tomography before and after intravenous dipyridamole in 13 patients with syndrome X (angina pectoris, angiographically normal coronary arteries, positive exercise test and negative ergonovine test), 7 healthy subjects and 8(More)
Because total cholesterol levels have been found to be lower in patients affected by thalassemia major and intermedia, we examined the plasma lipid pattern of 628 beta-thalassemia trait carriers and 4552 controls in order to evaluate whether the plasma lipid impairment is also present in the heterozygous state. Total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(More)
The long-term course of angina and the electrocardiographic signs of ischemia were assessed in 13 patients (10 women and 3 men, mean age 49 +/- 6 years) with typical angina pectoris, positive exercise tests, no evidence of coronary spasm and angiographically normal coronary arteries (syndrome X). Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters as well as(More)
Myocardial blood flow can be accurately quantitated in patients using positron emission tomography and oxygen-15 labelled water. The purpose of this study was to determine the vasodilator reserve in myocardium completely perfused by intramyocardial collateral blood flow. We hypothesized that altered relative flow reserve in such regions would correlate with(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Sedation with propofol should be administered by personnel trained in advanced airway management. To overcome this limitation, the use of short acting benzodiazepines by cardiologists spread widely, causing concerns about the safety of this procedure in the absence of anesthesiology assistance. The aim of the study was to compare(More)
While the role of nitrates in the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia is well established, the use of theophylline, proposed almost a century ago, is still controversial. Also controversial is its mechanism of action, initially thought to be coronary dilation. In this randomized, single-blind study, the acute effects on exercise capacity of(More)
OBJECTIVE To seek possible correlations between plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF) in hypertensive patients. DESIGN Since LVDF abnormalities can be detected in patients with normal left ventricular mass, we studied a group of hypertensive patients without left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS Untreated(More)