Giuseppe Pupita

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Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was measured using continuous inhalation of oxygen-15-labeled carbon dioxide, and positron emission tomography before and after intravenous dipyridamole in 13 patients with syndrome X (angina pectoris, angiographically normal coronary arteries, positive exercise test and negative ergonovine test), 7 healthy subjects and 8(More)
The intravenous infusion of adenosine provokes anginalike chest pain. To establish its origin, an intracoronary infusion of increasing adenosine concentrations was given in 22 patients with stable angina pectoris. During adenosine infusion, 20 patients had chest pain without electrocardiographic signs of ischemia. They all reported that the chest pain was(More)
The long-term course of angina and the electrocardiographic signs of ischemia were assessed in 13 patients (10 women and 3 men, mean age 49 +/- 6 years) with typical angina pectoris, positive exercise tests, no evidence of coronary spasm and angiographically normal coronary arteries (syndrome X). Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters as well as(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with stable coronary artery disease, the ischemic threshold for the production of effort-related angina is often quite variable. Although this feature is commonly attributed to changes in the caliber of coronary arteries at the site of stenosis, it could also be caused by the constriction of distal vessels, collateral vessels, or(More)
Patients with syndrome X (typical angina pectoris, positive exercise tests [greater than or equal to 1 mm of ST-segment depression], no evidence of coronary spasm and angiographically normal coronary arteries) have a reduced coronary flow reserve due to inappropriate dilatation of small resistive vessels. To assess whether alpha-adrenergic mechanisms play a(More)
The response of the heart rate during exercise testing and 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring performed with patients not receiving antianginal treatment was assessed in 26 patients (9 men and 17 women; mean age 51 +/- 8 years) with syndrome X (angina pectoris with normal coronary arteries), in 27 patients with coronary artery disease(More)
Because total cholesterol levels have been found to be lower in patients affected by thalassemia major and intermedia, we examined the plasma lipid pattern of 628 beta-thalassemia trait carriers and 4552 controls in order to evaluate whether the plasma lipid impairment is also present in the heterozygous state. Total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(More)
In a single-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial in 20 patients with stable angina pectoris, intravenous theophylline ethylenediamine (aminophylline), 7 mg/kg, increased the time to onset of angina by 46%, the heart-rate/blood-pressure product (an index of myocardial oxygen consumption) at 1 mm ST segment depression by 22%, and exercise duration by(More)
BACKGROUND The best management of patients with isolated blunt thoracic trauma at high risk of pulmonary complications (HRPC-BTT: ≥3 isolated rib fractures, sternal fracture, single or few pulmonary contusions or minimal pneumothorax) is still unclear. We compared efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a new clinical pathway involving an Emergency Department(More)
Myocardial blood flow can be accurately quantitated in patients using positron emission tomography and oxygen-15 labelled water. The purpose of this study was to determine the vasodilator reserve in myocardium completely perfused by intramyocardial collateral blood flow. We hypothesized that altered relative flow reserve in such regions would correlate with(More)