Giuseppe Prota

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High pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED) was employed in conjugation with a sensitive and specific salicylate hydroxylation assay to evaluate the immediate effects of hydroxyl radical (.OH) attack on four catechol intermediates of eumelanin, dopamine (3,4-dihydroxyphenylethylamine), its precursor dopa(More)
Evidence for the postulated role of glutathione reductase in melanin pigmentation has been obtained by determinations of the glutathione concentrations in Tortoiseshell guinea pig skin of different colors (black, yellow, red, and white). As expected, the lowest levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) were found associated with eumelanin type pigmentation,(More)
The presence of eumelanin and pheomelanin in irides from eyes of various colors was determined and quantified by a highly specific microanalytical procedure based on chemical degradation. Significant differences in the type of melanin were observed in the stroma and iris pigment epithelium (IPE) fractions obtained by micro-dissection of the iris specimens.(More)
The potential cytotoxicity of the melanogenic intermediates DOPA, (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) and DHI (5,6-dihydroxyindole) has long been recognized and exploited as a targeting concept in experimental melanoma therapy. In recent years, however, a novel branchpoint in the melanin biosynthetic pathway has been shown to divert the metabolism of DOPAchrome(More)
In vitro experiments are reported showing that a number of transition metal ions exert a profound influence on both the kinetics and chemical course of the rearrangement of dopachrome, a key step in the biosynthesis of melanins. HPLC analysis shows that Cu2+, Ni2+ and Co2+ are particularly effective in inducing the non-decarboxylative rearrangement of(More)
Recent advances in estimating the density of cutaneous melanin by spectrophotometry and the concentration of the two types of melanin (eumelanin and phaeomelanin) in hair offer the potential to define the risk of skin cancer in individuals more accurately. The presence of common melanocytic naevi on the arm is associated with an increased risk of melanoma,(More)
In the presence of iron or copper ions, the course of the oxidation in air of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (1), the main biosynthetic precursor of pheomelanins and trichochromes, was markedly changed affording two main products. One of these was identified as the oxobenzothiazine 8, previously obtained under nonphysiologically relevant conditions, while the other was(More)
Synthetic dopa melanin and cysteinyldopa melanin have different electron spin resonance spectra. Data are reported for mixtures of these melanins and for dopa-cysteinyldopa copolymers, which are spectroscopically similar. A simple parameterization of the spectra allows estimation of the relative amounts of (i) dopa melanin and cysteinyldopa melanin in(More)