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Right nephrectomy and ligation of the left renal vein often lead to acute renal failure, but not obligatorily to renal infarction and chronic uremia, thanks to the peculiar venous supply of the left kidney. A man underwent right nephrectomy, inferior cavectomy and ligation of the left renal vein and became anuric. Hemodialysis was necessary for some days,(More)
Latest trends in load-bearing materials for arthroplastic applications involve the development of highly fracture resistant alumina/zirconia composites, as an alternative choice to alumina and zirconia monolithic ceramics. Composite materials are designed from both chemical and microstructural viewpoints in order to prevent environmental degradation and(More)
A Raman microprobe spectroscopy characterization of microscopic fracture mechanisms is presented for a natural hydroxyapatite material (cortical bovine femur) and two synthetic hydroxyapatite-based materials with biomimetic structures-a hydroxyapatite skeleton interpenetrated with a metallic (silver) or a polymeric (nylon-6) phase. In both the natural and(More)
Two types of tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (TZP), a ceria-stabilized TZP/Al2O3 nanocomposite (CZA) and a conventional yttria-stabilized TZP (Y-TZP), were sandblasted with 70-microm alumina and 125-microm SiC powders, then partially annealed at 500-1200 degrees C for five minutes. Monoclinic ZrO2 content was determined by X-ray diffractometry and Raman(More)
We analyzed wear pattern of long-term retrieved alumina-alumina hip prostheses from Osteal, which were implanted for 15-19 years. A comparison was carried out with our previous study of 17-year Biolox alumina-on-alumina hip prostheses, (Shishido et al., J Biomed Mater Res B 2003;67:638-647) and all-alumina total hip replacement run under microseparation(More)
The clinical history of yttria-stabilized, zirconia (Zr) ceramic has been controversial. In the patient, combinations of hydrothermal and mechanical shocks may trigger detrimental changes in Zr balls that have inferior metastability. Transformations from tetragonal to monoclinic phase may be influenced by impingement, dislocation, and disassociation in(More)
A preliminary investigation into the diagnostic potential of Raman spectroscopy for assessing pathological articular cartilage was conducted. Five arthritic human tibial cartilages retrieved after total knee arthroplasty were examined using near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy excited with 647.1nm lines of a Kr-ion laser. A "healthy" cartilage obtained(More)
The aim of this paper is to clarify at the nanometer scale the relevant factors influencing the hydrothermal resistance to polymorphic transformation of alumina/zirconia composites, primary candidates for artificial joint applications. The topographic distribution of oxygen vacancies and lattice strain on the composite surface were visualized by means of(More)
What is new and what comes next in artificial hip joints? These are the crucial questions we attempt to answer after accurately surveying the state of the art in the field of hip arthroplasty, especially related to non-metallic materials. Summarizing the present situation, one could safely state that the current generation of hard-on-soft and hard-on-hard(More)