Giuseppe Perna

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The enzyme system responsible for Amphibian Kupffer Cell (KC) melanogenesis has not been entirely elucidated. This research demonstrates that the KC melanosomes of Rana esculenta L. possess a tyrosine-hydroxylase (TH) activity, showing that a tyrosinase is the enzyme involved in the melanogenesis. The TH reaction depends on catalytic Dopa as a cofactor and(More)
The roughness of cell membrane is a very interesting indicator of cell's health state. Atomic Force Microscopy allows us to investigate the roughness of cell membrane in great detail, but the obtained roughness value is scale-dependent, i.e. it strongly depends on measurement parameters, as scanning area and step size. The scale-dependence of the roughness(More)
Eumelanin biopolymer synthetized from L-DOPA has been characterized by Raman and Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). Although Raman spectra of eumelanin were scarcely resolved, SERS measurements of this biopolymer on nanostructured gold substrate, provided a large enhancement of vibrational peaks related to functional groups adherent to the(More)
The pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) airway disease stems from mutations in the CF Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene, leading to a chronic respiratory disease. Actin cytoskeleton is disorganized in CF airway epithelial cells, likely contributing to the CF-associated basic defects, i.e. defective chloride secretion and sodium/fluid(More)
A wavelet multi-component decomposition algorithm has been used for data analysis of micro-Raman spectra of blood serum samples from patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris at different stages. Pemphigus is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a potentially fatal outcome. Spectra were measured by means of a Raman(More)
A micro-Raman spectroscopy investigation has been performed in vitro on single human mammary epithelial cells after irradiation by graded x-ray doses. The analysis by principal component analysis (PCA) and interval-PCA (i-PCA) methods has allowed us to point out the small differences in the Raman spectra induced by irradiation. This experimental approach(More)
Micro-Raman spectroscopy is a very promising tool for medical applications, thanks to its sensitivity to subtle changes in the chemical and structural characteristics of biological specimens. To fully exploit these promises, building a method of data analysis properly suited for the case under study is crucial. Here, a linear or univariate approach using a(More)
Morphological changes of normal human keratinocyte cells have been monitored by means of atomic force microscopy after the exposure at a mercury solution containing HgCl(2) at 10(-7) M. The measurements have been carried out in contact mode in a thermostated liquid cell, to reproduce a cellular environment similar to the physiologic one. Remarkable(More)
In this paper we describe the design, fabrication and characterization of gold nano-patches, deposited on gallium nitride substrate, acting as optical nanoantennas able to efficiently localize the electric field at the metal-dielectric interface. We analyse the performance of the proposed device, evaluating the transmission and the electric field(More)