Giuseppe Pepe

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BACKGROUND Delayed neuropsychological sequelae (DNS) commonly occur after recovery from acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. The preventive role and the indications for hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the acute setting are still controversial. Early identification of patients at risk in the Emergency Department might permit an improvement in quality of care.(More)
OBJECTIVES Echocardiography is a fundamental tool in the diagnosis of acute left ventricular heart failure (aLVHF). However, a consultative exam is not routinely available in every emergency department (ED). The authors investigated the diagnostic performance of emergency Doppler echocardiography (EDecho) performed by emergency physicians (EPs) for the(More)
To analyze the clinical characteristics of acute meningitis and their relationship with age in adult patients presenting to the emergency department. We retrospectively investigated consecutive adult patients admitted with a diagnosis of bacterial or viral meningitis from 2002 to 2006. Data about patient's history, symptoms and signs at presentation,(More)
BACKGROUND In older heart failure (HF) patients, survival depends on the severity of their cardiac condition and on their functional status. Lower extremity performance, assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), predicts survival in older persons, both in epidemiologic and clinical settings. We evaluated whether SPPB predicts long-term(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the relationship between office and ambulatory systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) and total mortality in elderly patients with hypertension. DESIGN Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING Hypertension outpatient clinic in a geriatric academic hospital. PATIENTS AND(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We investigate the prognostic value of plasma lactate levels in patients with acute pulmonary embolism. METHODS We studied adult patients with symptomatic, objectively confirmed pulmonary embolism presenting to a single emergency department. Plasma lactate and troponin I levels were tested at presentation. We considered lactate values(More)
To compare the prognostic accuracy of the 2014 risk model of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and of Bova and TELOS scores for identification of normotensive patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) at high risk for short-term adverse events (i.e., intermediate-high risk patients), we retrospectively applied these tests to a prospective cohort of 994(More)
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown, due to the concomitant disruption of the tight junctions (TJs), normally required for the maintenance of BBB function, and to the altered transport of molecules between blood and brain and vice-versa, has been suggested to significantly contribute to the development and progression of different brain disorders including(More)
BACKGROUND The decision whether to perform endoscopy in children with suspected reflux oesophagitis is not a straightforward one. Few symptoms are specific for oesophagitis and the diagnosis is not always correlated even to visual findings on endoscopy. AIM The aim of this study was to define the role of endoscopy and especially of histology in the(More)
The present investigation was aimed at determining the prevalence and the blood pressure (BP) profile of isolated ambulatory hypertension, defined as an elevated ambulatory BP with normal office blood pressure, in a series of 1488 consecutive outpatients referred for routine clinical evaluation of suspected or established arterial hypertension. All patients(More)