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The genus Aspergillus is one of the most important filamentous fungal genera. Aspergillus species are used in the fermentation industry, but they are also responsible of various plant and food secondary rot, with the consequence of possible accumulation of mycotoxins. The aflatoxin producing A. flavus and A. parasiticus, and ochratoxinogenic A. niger, A.(More)
The main source of ochratoxin A (OTA) in the wine food chain is the infection of grapes by "black aspergilli" in the field. OTA-producing black aspergilli include principally Aspergillus carbonarius, followed by A. niger and possibly A. tubingensis. They are opportunistic fungi that develop particularly on damaged berries at ripening, although they may(More)
Dried vine fruits may be heavily colonized by Aspergillus species. The molecular biodiversity of an Aspergillus population (234 strains) isolated from dried vine fruit samples of worldwide origin were analyzed by investigating four housekeeping gene loci (calmodulin, β-tubulin, elongation factor 1-α, RPB2). Aspergillus Sect. Nigri was dominant and the(More)
This study reports the fungal and bacterial metabolites associated with natural contamination of 38 composite samples of locally processed rice from five agro-ecological zones of Nigeria (AEZs). The samples were evaluated for the presence of microbial metabolites by LC-MS/MS. Among the identified metabolites, 63 fungal and 5 bacterial metabolites were(More)
Aspergillus niger has been recently found to produce fumonisin B(2) (FB(2)). Thirty-one strains belonging to four Aspergillus species isolated from grape were evaluated for FB(2) production on agar plates. Four out of eight strains of A. niger produced FB(2) (29-293 microg g(-1)). None of the strains of A. uvarum (n = 7), A. tubingensis (8) and A.(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation is common after coronary surgery. The cellular condition of atrial myocytes might play a part in the postoperative development of atrial fibrillation. Our study aimed to investigate whether patients in whom postoperative atrial fibrillation develops show pre-existent alterations in histopathology of the right(More)
Sixty-nine wine grape samples of two varieties (Bombino Nero and Uva di Troia) were collected from four vineyards in a high ochratoxin A (OTA) incidence grape-growing area in Apulia, southern Italy, during the 2001 and 2002 crop harvests. The levels of toxin, measured in the two year harvests, ranged from 0.02 to 681 ng/g of fresh berries. In both surveys,(More)
Antagonistic yeasts were isolated from the epiphytic flora associated with grape berries cv. Negroamaro and identified at species level using molecular methods. A total of 144 yeast isolates were tested in a preliminary screening on agar to select isolates showing a killer activity against Aspergillus carbonarius and A. niger, the main species responsible(More)
BACKGROUND A balance between angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors is critical in tissue development, tissue repair and homeostasis. Aberrant angiogenesis has been implicated in several pathologic conditions, including valvular heart disease. The aim of this study was to ascertain the pathogenetic role of angiogenesis in rheumatic and mixomatous mitral(More)
The grape berry moth Lobesia botrana is a key pest in vineyards in southern Europe. Damage caused by L. botrana larvae may encourage growth of black aspergilli, leading to ochratoxin A (OTA) accumulation in grapes. Field trials were conducted during three grape growing seasons (2005 through 2007) in Apulia, Italy, to evaluate an insecticide control strategy(More)