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The olive tree (Olea europaea L.) is commonly grown in the Mediterranean area, where it is adapted to resist periods characterized by severe drought and high irradiance levels. Photosynthetic efficiency (in terms of Fv/Fm and ΦPSII), photochemical (qP) and nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) were determined in two-year-old olive plants (cultivars Coratina and(More)
Groups of Actinidia deliciosa A. Chev. C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson var. deliciosa kiwifruit plants were subjected to soil water shortage (D), while other groups were well irrigated (I). Variations in chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence indices and leaf gas exchange were determined once plants were severely stressed (25 d after the beginning of the D-cycle).(More)
We tested the hypotheses that a reduction of incident light of 50 % over sun-acclimated leaves of water stressed kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa var. deliciosa) would (1) reduce stomatal limitations to carbon supply and (2) mitigate the inactivation of the primary photochemistry associated with photosystem (PS) II, thereby this increases carbon gain and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Xylem flows into most fruits decline as the fruit develop, with important effects on mineral and carbohydrate accumulation. It has been hypothesized that an increase in xylem hydraulic resistance (RT) contributes to this process. This study examined changes in RT that occur during development of the berry of kiwifruit (Actinidia(More)
A field study and an experiment under controlled conditions using pressure-flux relationships were conducted to compare the stem and whole-plant conductance in olive (Olea europaea) and kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) species. Anatomical observations were also made on one-year-old stem to determine the conductive area of vessels (A ves) and the total xylem(More)
We evaluated the osmotic adjustment capacity of leaves and roots of young olive (Olea europaea L.) trees during a period of water deficit and subsequent rewatering. The trials were carried out in Basilicata (40 degrees 24' N, 16 degrees 48' E) on 2-year-old self-rooted olive plants (cv. 'Coratina'). Plants were subjected to one of four drought treatments.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In most fruit crops, storage quality varies greatly between regions and seasons, causing significant commercial loss. Understanding the sources of this variability will contribute to the knowledge of fruit developmental physiology and may also benefit commercial fruit production via altered managements that reduce it or forecasts that(More)
Actinidia deliciosa fruiting plants trained to " Pergola " system were grown in a semiarid environment located in South Italy (Andriace N 40° 20', E 16° 48'). During the growing season measurements were carried out on leaf area, fruit growth, leaf and fruit transpiration, Ca and K content. In the first period of fruit development the kinetics of calcium(More)
Accumulation of Ca in several fleshy fruit is often supposed to depend, among others, by climatic variables driving fruit transpiration. This study tests the whole causal chain hypothesis: VPD → fruit transpiration → Ca accumulation. Also there are evidences that relationship between fruit transpiration and Ca content is not always clear, hence the(More)
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) applied in the post-harvest stage of peach trees. The 3-year trial was carried out in Italy (N 40°20′, E 16°48′) on mature peach plants (cv “Springcrest”) trained to transverse Y. From bud break to harvest, irrigation was carried out by applying 100% ETc, while(More)