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OBJECTIVES We prospectively investigated the relationship of circulating endothelial progenitor cells at time of percutaneous coronary intervention to the subsequent development of in-stent restenosis or progression of coronary atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND Endothelial progenitor cells provide an endogenous repair mechanism of the dysfunctional endothelium(More)
We studied heart rate variability in 14 healthy women before and after oophorectomy compared with 14 matched women who underwent hysterectomy with ovarian conservation. Surgical menopause induced a decline in cardiac vagal modulation with a shift toward sympathetic hyperactivity. Recovery of the baseline condition after 3 months of estrogen replacement(More)
BACKGROUND Sporadic data present in literature report how preterm birth and low birth weight are risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases in later life. High levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a strong inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, are associated with the future development of adverse cardiovascular events and cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Marfan's syndrome is an inherited disorder of connective tissue associated with characteristic abnormalities of the skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular systems. Marked clinical variability and age dependency of all manifestations of Marfan's syndrome may render the unequivocal diagnosis difficult in mildly affected, young subjects. HYPOTHESIS(More)
BACKGROUND The role of structured exercise in improving cardiometabolic profile and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (2DM) has been widely demonstrated. Little is known about the effects of an aquatic-based exercise program in patients with 2DM. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of a supervised aquatic-based exercise program on(More)
BACKGROUND The natural process of cessation of ovarian estrogen production is associated with an increasing incidence of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine whether postmenopausal women had menopause-associated vasomotor disturbances develop. METHODS We studied the vascular forearm function using strain-gauge venous occlusion(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of increased serum uric acid (UA) levels and their therapeutic reduction with allopurinol on endothelium-dependent dilation in subjects with a high cardiovascular (CV) risk but who were free from clinical CV disease. Patients with hyperuricemia had impaired flow-mediated dilation (FMD) compared with(More)
As recently claimed, TSH-suppressive therapy with L-T4 may have adverse effects on the heart, but these results have not been consistently confirmed. We assessed cardiac function by clinical, echocardiographic, and ergometabolic criteria in 19 patients (16 women and 3 men) receiving long term L-T4 at a fixed daily dose ranging from 1.8-4.0 microg/kg. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy have an impaired myocardial glucose handling and distal distribution of coronary atherosclerosis. Trimetazidine, an anti-ischemic metabolic agent, improves myocardial glucose utilization though inhibition of fatty acid oxidation. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the metabolic effect of(More)
Historically, high androgen levels have been linked with an increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, more recent data suggest that low androgen levels are associated with adverse cardiovascular risk factors, including an atherogenic lipid profile, obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship(More)