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Allostery is a fundamental mechanism of regulation in biology. The residues at the end points of long-range allosteric perturbations are commonly identified by the comparative analyses of structures and dynamics in apo and effector-bound states. However, the networks of interactions mediating the propagation of allosteric signals between the end points(More)
One of the most significant hurdles to developing new chemical probes of biological systems and new drugs to treat disease is that of understanding the mechanism of action of small molecules discovered with cell-based small-molecule screening. Here we have assembled an ordered, high-expression clone set of all of the essential genes from Escherichia coli(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) ion channels control neuronal and cardiac electrical rhythmicity. There are four homologous isoforms (HCN1-4) sharing a common multidomain architecture that includes an N-terminal transmembrane tetrameric ion channel followed by a cytoplasmic "C-linker," which connects a more distal cAMP-binding(More)
The cAMP signaling cascade is one of the most frequently targeted pathways for the development of pharmaceutics. A plethora of recent genetic and pharmacological studies suggest that exchange proteins directly activated by cAMP (EPACs) are implicated in multiple pathologies. Selective EPAC inhibitors have been recently developed. One specific inhibitor,(More)
Mastoparan X (MPX: INWKGIAAMAKKLL-NH2) belongs to a family of ionophoric peptides found in wasp venom. Upon binding to the membrane, MPX increases the cell's permeability to cations leading to a disruption in the electrolyte balance and cell lysis. This process is thought to occur either through a membrane-thinning mechanism, where the peptide resides on(More)
The model transmembrane peptide P16 (Ac-KKGLLLALLLLALLLALLLKKA-NH2) was incorporated into small unaligned phospholipid bicelles, which provide a 'native-like' lipid bilayer compatible with high-resolution solution NMR techniques. Using amide-water chemical exchange and amide-lipid cross-relaxation measurements, the interactions between P16 and bicelles were(More)
Exchange proteins directly activated by cAMP (EPACs) are guanine nucleotide-exchange factors for the small GTPases Rap1 and Rap2 and represent a key receptor for the ubiquitous cAMP second messenger in eukaryotes. The cAMP-dependent activation of apoEPAC is typically rationalized in terms of a preexisting equilibrium between inactive and active states.(More)
Single-chain peptide-peptoid structures, Ac-(Gly-Nleu-Pro)n-NH2 (n = 3, 6, and 10) and (Gly-Nleu-Pro)n-NH2 (n = 1 and 9), and template-assembled collagen analogs, KTA-[Gly-(Gly-Nleu-Pro)n-NH2]3 (n = 3 and 6; KTA represents cis,cis-1,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane-1,3, 5-tricarboxylic acid, also known as the Kemp triacid; Nleu denotes N-isobutylglycine), were(More)
Allostery is an essential regulatory mechanism of biological function. Allosteric sites are also pharmacologically relevant as they are often targeted with higher selectivity than orthosteric sites. However, a comprehensive map of allosteric sites poses experimental challenges because allostery is driven not only by structural changes, but also by(More)
A fragment corresponding to the putative membrane-associating domain of the prion protein (residues 110-136) was analyzed in phospholipid bicelles. Prion(110-136) associated with bicelles and exhibited a lipid- and pH-dependent conformational dimorphism between unstructured (pH 4.5) and alpha-helical (pH 7.5). Mutational analysis indicated that the charge(More)