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BACKGROUND Five cancer cases over 7 years were reported in a small orthopaedic hospital where radiation protection practice was poor. AIM To investigate whether workers subject to routine radiation dosimetric assessment in that hospital had an increased cancer risk. METHODS One hundred and fifty-eight workers subject to routine dose assessment and 158(More)
Jellyfish (cnidarians) have a worldwide distribution. Despite most being harmless, some species may cause local and also systemic reactions. Treatment of jellyfish envenomation is directed at: alleviating the local effects of venom, preventing further nematocyst discharges and controlling systemic reactions, including shock. In severe cases, the most(More)
BACKGROUND Low-dose computed tomography (CT) has been found to detect more Stage IA lung cancer than chest x-ray. AIMS To investigate whether lung cancer screening with CT was effective and acceptable in former asbestos workers. METHODS CT scanning was carried out following the protocol previously described in the literature. A questionnaire was used to(More)
To evaluate the influence of individual susceptibility factors on the level of polyaromatic (PAH) hydrocarbon DNA adducts and hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) mutants in peripheral lymphocytes, 70 coke-oven workers exposed to PAH were genotyped for four metabolic enzyme polymorphisms of potential importance in PAH metabolism. The(More)
To evaluate a public campaign for the early referral and treatment of cutaneous melanoma, an educational programme based on self-selection by subjects was organized in Padova, Italy in 1991. In the period from 1991 to 1996, 90,000 leaflets containing information on naevi, melanoma and skin self-examination were mailed to each household, reaching a(More)
The aim of this study was to confirm the exposure-dependent reduction in lung cancer risk reported for dairy farmers exposed to endotoxin and to evaluate the consequence of leaving dairy farming and taking employment in industry or services, where exposure to microbial agents is lower. Standardized mortality ratios, with 95% confidence intervals, for 2,561(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have investigated mortality during a heatwave, while few have quantified heat associated morbidity. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between hospital admissions and intensity, duration and timing of heatwave across the summer months. METHODS The study area (Veneto Region, Italy) holds 4577408 inhabitants (on January(More)
Flight personnel are exposed to cosmic ionizing radiation, chemicals (fuel, jet engine exhausts, cabin air pollutants), electromagnetic fields from cockpit instruments, and disrupted sleep patterns. Only recently has cancer risk among these workers been investigated. With the aim of increasing the precision of risk estimates of cancer incidence, follow-up(More)
Previous studies have suggested that those in occupations exposed to endotoxin have a reduced rate of lung/respiratory cancer. An initial investigation found a significantly reduced risk of all sites malignant neoplasms in white male crop and livestock farmers, and black male and female crop farmers. This study provides data on lung/respiratory cancers in(More)