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Adult stem cells, such as human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), show limited proliferative capacity and, after long-term culture, lose their differentiation capacity and are therefore not an optimal cell source for tissue engineering. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) constitute an important new resource in this field, but one major drawback is the risk of(More)
Platelet concentrates for surgical topical applications are nowadays often used, but quantification of the long-term growth factor release from these preparations in most cases is impossible. Indeed, in most protocols, platelets are massively activated and there is no significant fibrin matrix to support growth factor release and cell migration. Choukroun's(More)
BACKGROUND Choukroun's platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an autologous leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin biomaterial. The purpose of this study was to analyse the in vitro effects of PRF on human bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC), harvested in the oral cavity after preimplant endosteal stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS BMSCs from primary cultures were(More)
INTRODUCTION Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are promising candidates for bone engineering and regeneration with a considerable number of experimental successes reported over the last years. However, hMSCs show several limitations for tissue engineering applications, which can be overcome by using human embryonic stem cell-derived mesodermal(More)
Commercially-pure titanium (cp-Ti) and the titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy (Ti6Al4V) are widely used as reconstructive implants for skeletal engineering applications, due to their good mechanical properties, biocompatibility and ability to integrate with the surrounding bone. Electron beam melting technology (EBM) allows the fabrication of customized(More)
Human pluripotent stem cells represent an unlimited source of skeletal tissue progenitors for studies of bone biology, pathogenesis, and the development of new approaches for bone reconstruction and therapies. In order to construct in vitro models of bone tissue development and to grow functional, clinical-size bone substitutes for transplantation, cell(More)
Advances in the fields of stem cell biology, biomaterials, and tissue engineering over the last decades have brought the possibility of constructing tissue substitutes with a broad range of applications in regenerative medicine, disease modeling, and drug discovery. Different types of human stem cells have been used, each presenting a unique set of(More)
Congenital defects, trauma, and disease can compromise the integrity and functionality of the skeletal system to the extent requiring implantation of bone grafts. Engineering of viable bone substitutes that can be personalized to meet specific clinical needs represents a promising therapeutic alternative. The aim of our study was to evaluate the utility of(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) represent a promising source of cells for bone tissue engineering. However, their low frequencies and limited proliferation restrict their clinical utility. An alternative is the use of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), but labor-intensive expansion with the need for coating support limits their clinical use. We have(More)