Giuseppe Maria Raffa

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BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been reported to be involved in numerous cardiovascular diseases. The study aim was to monitor the circulating plasma levels of these peptides in patients affected by aortic disease, and to identify any changes in such levels after surgical treatment. METHODS A(More)
Controversies remain on the increased rate of neurological events after small thoracotomy mitral valve surgery attributed to endoaortic balloon occlusion (EABO). Systematic literature search of databases identified 17 studies enrolling 6,643 patients comparing safety and effectiveness of EABO versus transthoracic clamp. In a meta-analysis, there was no(More)
A 63-year-old man underwent aortic valve replacement and an early reoperation for recurrent endocarditis. Sixteen months later he presented with persistent fever and a 64-slice computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a subannular left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. He underwent successful left ventricular outflow tract reconstruction and aortic valve(More)
BACKGROUND "Domino" cardiac procedure is an effective option to increase the donor pool when heart-lung transplantation (HLT) is the only treatment for patients with terminal cardiopneumopathy. We reviewed the long-term outcomes of domino cardiac donors and recipients at our institution. METHODS Ten of 35 patients who underwent HLT from 1991 onward served(More)
Aortic false aneurysm is a rare complication after cardiac surgery. In recent years, improved results have been reported in regard to the surgical management of these high-risk lesions. We retrospectively examined 28 consecutive cases (in 27 patients) of postsurgical aortic false aneurysm diagnosed at our institution from May 1999 through December 2011.(More)
BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) has been shown to reduce the risk of neurologic complications as compared to coronary artery bypass grafting performed with cardiopulmonary bypass. Side-clamping of the aorta while constructing proximal anastomoses, however, still carries substantial risk of cerebral embolization. We aimed to perform a(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the benefits and risks of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) through a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and to investigate the relationship between outcomes and patient risk profile. METHODS PubMed, Embase, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health(More)
Aortic valve reimplantation has been shown to be a safe procedure. However, evidences of durability in bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs) are limited in the literature. Between 2002 and 2011, 132 patients (mean age 61 ± 12 years) underwent aortic valve reimplantation. In 24 patients (18%), aortic valve was bicuspid. Mean follow-up was 50 ± 26 months (range 1-102(More)