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Haemoglobins bearing reactive sulfhydryl groups have been shown to be able to interplay with glutathione in some detoxification processes. Blood from different mouse strains commonly used as experimental animal models, i.e., C57, DBA and ICR, was treated with oxidants with the aim of evaluating: (i) the involvement of protein SH groups in oxido-reductive(More)
After more than two decades of research into phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors, roflumilast (3-cyclopropylmethoxy-4-difluoromethoxy-N-[3,5-di-chloropyrid-4-yl]-benzamide) may become the first agent in this class to be approved for patient treatment worldwide. Within the PDE family of 11 known isoenzymes, roflumilast is selective for PDE4, showing(More)
RATIONALE There is a need for new agents capable of suppressing the inflammatory response in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the effects of roflumilast, a phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor on acute lung inflammation and chronic lung changes in models of cigarette exposure in mice. METHODS Roflumilast was given(More)
Extracellular ATP acts as a "danger signal" and can induce inflammation by binding to purinergic receptors. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the most common inflammatory diseases associated with cigarette smoke inhalation, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. In this study, we show that endogenous pulmonary ATP levels(More)
The role of strain difference in the response to cigarette smoke was investigated in mice. Mice of the strains DBA/2 and C57BL/6J responded to acute cigarette smoke with a decrease of the antioxidant defenses of their bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids. On the other hand, under these conditions ICR mice increased their BAL antioxidant defenses. Mice of(More)
OBJECTIVE Proteinase-activated receptor-2 is widely expressed in vascular tissue and in highly vascularized organs in humans and other species. Its activation mainly causes endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in vitro and hypotension in vivo. Here, using nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice at different disease stages, we have evaluated the role of PAR2 in the(More)
New Zealand rabbits were exposed in inhalation chambers to 3,000 ppm of n-hexane 8h/d for 8 d, and the acute respiratory effects were studied by light and electron microscopy. Animals intoxicated showed morphological changes in the lung parenchyma characterized by centriacinar emphysema and scattered micro haemorrhages. Lung damage was most severe at the(More)
The development of cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary changes in C57 Bl/6J and DBA/2 mice was investigated. Both strains are sensitive to oxidants and C57Bl/6J mice are moderately deficient in serum alpha1-proteinase inhibitor. Following chronic exposure to cigarette smoke, patchy emphysema was present in mice of both strains, but developed faster in DBA/2(More)
Using an experimental model of pancreatitis in the rat, the role of trypsin and elastase in mediating lung vascular injury in this condition was examined. The induction of pancreatitis by injection of sodium cholate in the pancreas resulted in a significant decrease in serum trypsin inhibitory capacity, and in a complete saturation of serum elastase(More)
Murine exposure to silica is associated with enhanced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) expression and matrix deposition. The regulation of TNF is mediated through TNF receptor (TNFR) activation of transcription factors. In the present work we have studied the importance of the individual TNFR in silica-induced lung inflammation and matrix deposition(More)