Giuseppe Liberatore

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Using the ImmunoChip custom genotyping array, we analyzed 14,498 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 24,091 healthy controls for 161,311 autosomal variants and identified 135 potentially associated regions (P < 1.0 × 10(-4)). In a replication phase, we combined these data with previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from an independent 14,802(More)
Class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphism was examined in a Berber population from North Morocco, named Metalsa (ME). All data were obtained at high-resolution level, using sequence-based typing. The most frequent alleles were: HLA-A*0201 and A*0101; HLA-B*44 (B*4403 and B*4402); B*0801 and the B*50 allele group (B*5001 and B*5002); HLA-Cw*0602;(More)
OBJECTIVE A proportion of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients experience disease activity despite treatment. The early identification of the most effective drug is critical to impact long-term outcome and to move toward a personalized approach. The aim of the present study is to identify biomarkers for further clinical development and to yield insights into(More)
The aim of the study is the identification of genetic factors that influence the long-term response to interferon-β (IFNβ) (4-year follow-up). We performed a genome-wide association study in 337 IFNβ-treated Italian multiple sclerosis patients at the extreme of treatment response, and we meta-analyzed association effects, integrating results with pathway(More)
Up to 50% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients do not respond to interferon-beta (IFN-β) treatment and determination of response requires lengthy clinical follow-up of up to 2 years. Response predictive genetic markers would significantly improve disease management. We aimed to identify IFN-β treatment response genetic marker(s) by performing a two-stage(More)
In this study we describe four patients from the same kindred who were affected by an autosomal-dominantly inherited peripheral neuropathy. They presented an unusual combination of clinical, electrophysiological, and pathological findings in association with a new mutation of the PMP22 gene. Clinically, three patients had carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms and(More)
HLA-G, a nonclassical HLA molecule with limited polymorphism has immunomodulating/tolerogenic properties. The most common polymorphism of HLA-G is a deletion/insertion of 14 bp, located at the 3'UTR region of the gene (exon 8). This polymorphism is associated with modifications of mRNA stability that can lead to variations of membrane versus soluble HLA-G(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) participates in the control of synaptic plasticity and memory formation in the central nervous system (CNS). Transgenic mice harbouring either 9.5, 3.0 or 1.4 kb of the human t-PA promoter fused to the LacZ reporter gene were used to assess t-PA promoter-directed expression in vivo. The 9.5 kb t-PA promoter directed(More)
We describe an additional HLA-Cw*02 variant, HLA-Cw*0208, which has been identified in a renal transplant recipient of Caucasian origin (Italy). After performing preliminary serological typing, we analyzed exons 2 and 3 of the HLA-C locus polymorphism by cloning the amplified DNA and using a sequence-based typing method. The new allele differs from(More)
Immunological hallmarks of multiple sclerosis include the production of antibodies in the central nervous system, expressed as presence of oligoclonal bands and/or an increased immunoglobulin G index-the level of immunoglobulin G in the cerebrospinal fluid compared to serum. However, the underlying differences between oligoclonal band-positive and -negative(More)