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Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used plasticizer in flexible polyvinylchloride formulations, is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. To date, no information exists on the potential health hazards from exposure to DEHP and/or its main metabolite, mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP), in high-risk conditions, such as pregnancy and(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests a potential role for ubiquitous environmental contaminants in the physiopathology of endometriosis. Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), the most commonly used plasticizer in flexible polyvinylchloride (PVC) formulations, is a widespread environmental contaminant with potentially adverse effects on fertility in animal(More)
PURPOSE To study the markers of bone turnover in epilepsy patients in the different stages of the pubertal growth before and after the beginning of carbamazepine (CBZ) monotherapy. METHODS We have investigated bone turnover in 60 epilepsy patients treated with CBZ. They were stratified according to pubertal stage and compared with a control group of 60(More)
Rett syndrome (RS), a progressive severe neurodevelopmental disorder mainly caused by de novo mutations in the X-chromosomal MeCP2 gene encoding the transcriptional regulator methyl-CpG-binding protein 2, is a leading cause of mental retardation with autistic features in females. However, its pathogenesis remains incompletely understood, and no effective(More)
ASDs (autism spectrum disorders) are a complex group of neurodevelopment disorders, still poorly understood, steadily rising in frequency and treatment refractory. Extensive research has been so far unable to explain the aetiology of this condition, whereas a growing body of evidence suggests the involvement of environmental factors. Phthalates, given their(More)
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic problems worldwide. In spite of the many studies carried out, our understanding of generalized epileptogenesis remains far from complete. In recent years many data have clarified the effects of sexual hormones on brain excitability. Female and male sexual hormones may be considered pharmacoactive compounds that(More)
The authors studied 40 epileptic patients treated with valproate and 40 healthy controls for at least 2 years. At the end of follow-up, 15 epileptic patients (37.5%) had development of obesity. They showed circulating leptin and insulin levels significantly higher and ghrelin and adiponectin levels significantly lower than those of patients who did not gain(More)
Atypical features of rolandic epilepsy are not uncommon, although the long-term prognosis of this condition is not known. Eighty-five children (50 male and 35 female) attending the Department of Pediatrics of the University of Chieti, the Department of Pediatrics of Brindisi Hospital, and the Department of Neurology of San Valentino Hospital were selected(More)