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Because endurance exercise causes release of mediators and growth factors active on the bone marrow, we asked whether it might affect circulating hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) in amateur runners [n = 16, age: 41.8 +/- 13.5 (SD) yr, training: 93.8 +/- 31.8 km/wk] compared with sedentary controls (n = 9, age: 39.4 +/- 10.2 yr). HPCs, plasma cortisol,(More)
Workers in the transportation industry are at greater risk of an incorrect diet and sedentary behavior. The aim of our study was to characterize a population of professional bus drivers with regard to clinical and demographic variables, lipid profile, and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. Data from 659 interstate bus drivers collected(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of periodic breathing (PB) at high altitude on sleep structure and arterial oxygen saturation (Sa,O2). Five healthy subjects underwent polysomnographic studies at sea level, and during the first and the fourth week of sojourn at 5,050 m. Their breathing pattern, sleep architecture and Sa,O2 were analysed. PB was(More)
The respiratory-related activity of the arytenoideus (AR) muscle, a vocal cord adductor, was investigated in 10 healthy adults during wakefulness and sleep. AR activity was measured with intramuscular hooked-wire electrodes implanted by means of a fiber-optic nasopharyngoscope. Correct placement of the electrodes was confirmed by discharge patterns during(More)
Previous fiber-optic studies in humans have demonstrated narrowing of the glottic aperture in expiration during application of expiratory resistive loads. Nine healthy subjects were studied to determine the effect of expiratory resistive loads on the electromyographic activity of the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle, a vocal cord adductor. Four of the nine(More)
To determine the respiratory-related activity of the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscle in normal adults, intramuscular electromyographic recordings were performed in eight normal adult males during wakefulness and sleep. Phasic expiratory TA activity was present during normal tidal breathing in all subjects during wakefulness. Tonic activity was frequently present(More)
Six normal adults were studied 1) to compare respiratory-related posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle activity during wakefulness and sleep and 2) to determine the effect of upper airway occlusions during non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep on PCA activity. A new electromyographic technique was developed to implant hooked-wire electrodes into the PCA by(More)
Baroreflex control of heart rate during sleep (baroreflex sensitivity; BRS) has been shown to be depressed in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), and improved after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Whether CPAP also acutely affects BRS during sleep in uncomplicated severe OSA is still debatable. Blood pressure was monitored during(More)
In normal subjects the thyroarytenoid muscle (TA), a vocal cord adductor, has phasic expiratory activity during wakefulness that disappears during non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep. Fiber-optic studies have reported absent or irregular vocal cord movements during obstructive apneas and vocal cord adduction during central apneas. This study was designed to(More)
BACKGROUND Expiratory flow limitation (EFL) by negative expiratory pressure (NEP) testing, quantified as the expiratory flow-limited part of the flow-volume curve, may be influenced by airway obstruction of intrathoracic and extrathoracic origins. NEP application during tidal expiration immediately determines a rise in expiratory flow (V) followed by a(More)