Learn More
In response to stress, plants accumulate Pro, requiring degradation after release from adverse conditions. Delta1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (P5CDH), the second enzyme for Pro degradation, is encoded by a single gene expressed ubiquitously. To study the physiological function of P5CDH, T-DNA insertion mutants in AtP5CDH were isolated and(More)
The side effects of sulfonylurea and imidazolinone herbicides on plant-associated bacteria were investigated under pure culture conditions. Eighteen isolates, belonging to the genera Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Bacillus, Enterobacter Pseudomonas and Serratia, were exposed to four active compounds at concentration ranges similar to those in field soil. The(More)
1. The effect of the mutation K448E in the rat GABA transporter rGAT1 was studied using heterologous expression in Xenopus oocytes and voltage clamp. 2. At neutral pH, the transport-associated current vs. voltage (I-V) relationship of the mutated transporter was different from wild-type, and the pre-steady-state currents were shifted towards more positive(More)
Amino acid homeostasis was investigated in frost-resistant barley seedlings under either cold- or freezing-stress conditions. Total free amino acid content varied only slightly, but a substantial conversion of glutamate to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was found that was proportional to the severity of the stress. Cold acclimation caused a significant(More)
The cloned canine betaine-GABA cotransporter BGT-1 has been heterologously expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes in order to characterize its electrophysiological properties. Voltage-clamp experiments on transfected oocytes reveal the presence of three types of membrane current which are absent in non-injected oocytes: (i) an organic substrate-independent(More)
Two isoforms of acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS), the first enzyme of the branched-chain amino acids biosynthetic pathway, were detected in cell-free extracts of the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis and separated both by ion-exchange chromatography and by hydrophobic interaction. Several biochemical properties of the two putative isozymes were analysed(More)
Gamete and embryo development are crucial for successful reproduction and seed set in plants, which is often the determining factor for crop yield. Proline accumulation was largely viewed as a specific reaction to overcome stress conditions, while recent studies suggested important functions of proline metabolism also in reproductive development. Both the(More)
Nitrogen is a limiting resource for plant growth in most terrestrial habitats since large amounts of nitrogen are needed to synthesize nucleic acids and proteins. Among the 21 proteinogenic amino acids, arginine has the highest nitrogen to carbon ratio, which makes it especially suitable as a storage form of organic nitrogen. Synthesis in chloroplasts via(More)
Human retinal pigment epithelium cells were used to investigate the mechanisms underlying blood-retinal barrier disruption under conditions of chronic hyperglycemia. The treatment with 25 mM glucose caused a rapid drop in the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), which was reversed by the addition of either a methanolic extract from Goji (Lycium(More)
Dual choice feeding tests were performed to determine a preference of forager honeybees for specific amino acids. Artificial nectar containing proline was preferred over those containing only sugars. Nectar containing alanine was preferred on the first day, but preference was no longer significant thereafter. On the contrary, a negative response was found(More)