Giuseppe Familiari

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The aim of our work was to define and better understand apoptosis in the spermatozoa of normal subjects, infertile patients and patients affected by specific tumoral diseases employing the method of the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling and confirming the results by electron microscopy. We studied 23 healthy,(More)
Rabbit ovarian microvasculature, with particular regard to developing and atretic follicles, was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of vascular corrosion casts. The microvascular network of the follicles was arranged in typical round plexuses of varying shape and size. Four different morphological types of vascular plexuses supplied the(More)
Female reproductive activity depends upon cyclic morphofunctional changes of the ovarian tissue during the female's fertile period, but the primum movens of an active gonadal rearrangement can be found from early phases of embryo development. To offer a basic account of the main steps of ovarian dynamics, we review the morphofunctional behavior of the(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the heterogeneity of cumulus cells that occurs in human cumuli associated with oviductal oocytes and fertilized eggs. Transmission electron microscopy was used to study the cumulus masses surrounding both unfertilized oocytes and fertilized eggs (a pronuclear and a 4-cell stage) recovered at different intervals(More)
Ovarian damage, with consequent permanent infertility, is one of the more common side-effects which occurs during chemotherapeutic treatment of patients affected by Hodgkin's disease. This damage is morphologically represented by a marked loss of primordial and primary follicles. The administration of contraceptive drugs before starting chemotherapy(More)
Changes occurring in the fine structure of Zona pellucida and follicular fluid in growing and atretic follicles in mice were examined by electron microscopy using lanthanum nitrate and ruthenium red. The results showed that follicular fluid has a dense globular aspect in growing follicles but becomes more dispersed and globular-fibrillar in atretic(More)
The human zona pellucida (ZP) and its changes during in vitro fertilization in oocytes at different maturational stages and polypronuclear ova at one- to four-cells stages were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and correlative scanning electron microscopy (SEM). To define the microstructure of the ZP, its amorphous masking material was(More)
In this report the authors describe the structural and ultrastructural characteristics of some cells constituting the parietal layer of Bowman's capsule of the mouse kidney, which are very similar to the epithelial cells of the proximal convoluted tubule (tubule-like cells). These elements are noted in mature and immature mice of both sexes, but their fine(More)
This study describes the updated, fine structure of human gametes, the human fertilization process, and human embryos, mainly derived from assisted reproductive technology (ART). As clearly shown, the ultrastructure of human reproduction is a peculiar multistep process, which differs in part from that of other mammalian models, having some unique features.(More)