Giuseppe Esposito

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Both dopaminergic neurotransmission and prefrontal cortex (PFC) function are known to be abnormal in schizophrenia. To test the hypothesis that these phenomena are related, we measured presynaptic dopaminergic function simultaneously with regional cerebral blood flow during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and a control task in unmedicated(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) has been reported to be involved in the etiology of pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cannabidiol (CBD), a Cannabis derivative devoid of psychomimetic effects, has attracted much attention because of its promising neuroprotective properties in rat AD models, even though the mechanism(More)
Beside cytotoxic mechanisms impacting on neurons, amyloid beta (A beta)-induced astroglial activation is operative in Alzheimer's disease brain, suggesting that persistent inflammatory response may have a role in the illness and that positive results may be achieved by curbing the astroglial reaction. Because the role of the endocannabinoid system could(More)
Down syndrome (DS) is caused by trisomy of chromosome 21 and is characterized by mental retardation, seizures and premature Alzheimer's disease. To examine neuropathological mechanisms giving rise to this disorder, we generated multiple human DS neural progenitor cell (NPC) lines from the 19-21 week frontal cortex and characterized their genomic and(More)
The amyloidogenic cascade is regarded as a key factor at the basis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. The aberrant cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) induces an increased production and a subsequent aggregation of beta amyloid (Aβ) peptide in limbic and association cortices. As a result, altered neuronal homeostasis and oxidative injury(More)
Levels of dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), noradrenaline (NA), glutathione (GSH), ascorbic acid (AA), dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) and uric acid (UA) were determined in the striatum and/or in the brainstem of 3-month-old male Wistar rats after subchronic oral exposure to MnCl2 (20 mg kg-1 daily) alone or associated(More)
Abstract Alzheimer's disease is widely held to be associated with oxidative stress due, in part, to the membrane action of beta-amyloid peptide aggregates. Here, we studied the effect of cannabidiol, a major non-psychoactive component of the marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa) on beta-amyloid peptide-induced toxicity in cultured rat pheocromocytoma PC12(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common age-related neurodegenerative disorder. A massive accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide aggregates has been proposed as pivotal event in AD. Abeta-induced toxicity is accompanied by a variegated combination of events including oxidative stress. The Wnt pathway has multiple actions in the cascade of events(More)
PURPOSE We compared the endocrine effects of 6 and 12 months of adjuvant letrozole versus tamoxifen in postmenopausal patients with hormone-responsive early breast cancer within an ongoing phase III trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive tamoxifen, letrozole, or letrozole plus zoledronic acid. Serum values of estradiol,(More)
OBJECTIVE Enteric glia activation has been reported to amplify intestinal inflammation via the enteroglial-specific S100B protein. This neurotrophin promotes macrophage recruitment in the mucosa, amplify colonic inflammation and interacts with toll-like receptors (TLR). Molecules inhibiting S100B-driven enteric activation might mitigate the course of(More)