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Malnutrition is a major negative prognostic factor in dialysis patients. Simple and reliable estimations of nutritional status may therefore prove of particular value in the follow-up of these patients. To validate subjective global assessment (SGA) in dialysis patients we compared subjective global assessment with objective measurements (anthropometry,(More)
Long-term visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability predicts a high risk for cardiovascular events in patients with essential hypertension. Whether long-term visit-to-visit BP variability holds the same predictive power in predialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unknown. Here we tested the relationship between long-term visit-to-visit(More)
A number of reports on dialysis and transplantation for diabetic patients in the UK and USA are available. The aim of the present survey was to assess the prevalence, main characteristics and complications of diabetic patients treated by dialysis and transplantation in Italy. On 31 December 1987 in Italy, 1605 diabetic patients were being treated by(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOs) asymmetrical dimethyl-arginine (ADMA) has been implicated as a possible modulator of inducible NOs during acute inflammation. We examined the evolution in the plasma concentration of ADMA measured at the clinical outset of acute inflammation and after its resolution in a series(More)
Although malnutrition is not uncommon in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, there has never been a large-scale comparison study of nutritional status with these two dialysis modalities. We therefore assessed protein-calorie nutrition in 224 CAPD patients and 263 MHD patients who were treated in(More)
BACKGROUND Whether hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are more prevalent in CAPD than in haemodialysis (HD) patients is still under discussion. METHODS To examine this problem we compared a group of 51 CAPD patients, with a group of 201 HD patients. The evaluation included the measurement of atrial natriuretic peptide (atrial natriuretic(More)
BACKGROUND Low T3 is a frequent alteration in patients with ESRD. This derangement has been recently linked to inflammation in haemodialysis patients. Whether this association holds true in peritoneal dialysis patients has not been studied. METHODS We investigated the relationship between low-grade inflammation [IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum(More)
An increasing number of elderly patients with uraemia are treated by dialysis therapy. Virtually every published study on nutritional status of patients undergoing maintenance haemodialysis treatment or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has indicated that a substantial proportion of patients undergoing regular dialysis treatment have protein(More)
An updated review of cases of reactivated visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in transplant patients is presented, with a new report of a kidney transplant patient who had VL caused by reactivation of a dormant infection contracted 21 years previously. Close to the time of disease reactivation, the patient had a primary varicella-zoster infection.
It is well established that nocturnal hypoxemia in sleep apnea causes an inversion of the circadian arterial pressure rhythm and triggers nocturnal hypertension. Since sleep apnea is very frequent in dialysis patients, we hypothesized that nocturnal hypoxemia may be a factor that contributes to alter the 24-hour arterial pressure profile in these patients.(More)