Giuseppe Di Trapani

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Selective activation of peripheral benzodiazepine receptors (PBRs) in adrenal cells and brain oligodendrocytes promotes steroidogenesis. Three 2-phenyl-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine derivatives (CB 34, CB 50 and CB 54) have now been investigated with regard to their selectivity for PBRs and their ability to stimulate central and peripheral steroidogenesis in rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant brain tumors are among the most challenging to treat and at present there are no uniformly successful treatment strategies. Standard treatment regimens consist of maximal surgical resection followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The limited survival advantage attributed to chemotherapy is partially due to low CNS penetration of(More)
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is becoming the intravenous anesthetic of choice for ambulatory surgery in outpatients. It is extensively metabolized, with most of the administered dose appearing in the urine as glucuronide conjugates. Favorable operating conditions and rapid recovery are claimed as the main advantages in using propofol, whereas(More)
The effects of long-term treatment with and subsequent withdrawal of the two hypnotic drugs zaleplon and zolpidem on the abundance of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor subunit mRNAs in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells were investigated. Incubation of neurons with either drug at a concentration of 10 microM for 5 days did not(More)
1. Several derivatives and analogues of the general anaesthetic 2,6-diisopropylphenol (propofol) have been recently synthesised with the aim of exploring the structure-activity relationships. 2. In the present study, the effects of one such compound, 4-iodo-2,6-diisopropylphenol (4-I-Pro), on gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors in vitro were(More)
Social isolation of rats for 30 days immediately after weaning reduces the cerebrocortical and plasma concentrations of progesterone, 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-TH PROG), and 3alpha,5alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (3alpha,5alpha-TH DOC). The percentage increases in the brain and plasma concentrations of these neuroactive(More)
In freely moving rats finasteride markedly reduced the cortical content of allopregnanolone. This treatment significantly prolonged the increase in the extracellular concentration of dopamine in the prefrontal cortex induced by foot shock. Moreover, finasteride enhanced both maximal increase of dopamine and its duration elicited by a single injection of the(More)
Quantitative structure-property relationships (QSPRs) were developed for predicting the solubility enhancement (expressed as logS/S0) of compounds in 45% (w/v) aqueous solution of HP-beta-CD. A set of 25 structurally different drugs, whose logS/S0 values were taken from literature, was used as a training set for building the computational models. Thirteen(More)
A number of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) congeners and derivatives were synthesized and their in vitro capability to affect GABAA receptors determined by the inhibition of the specific [35S]-tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) binding to rat whole brain membranes. Introduction of halogen (Cl, Br, and I) and benzoyl substituents in the para(More)
The objectives of this paper are to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of topiramate, given at the dose of 100 mg/day, in the prophylactic treatment of migraine. The hypothesis that migraine is the result of a condition of neuronal hyperexcitability and the quest for drugs that are able to limit the number of crises justifies the attempt to utilise the(More)