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Pax proteins are transcription factors that control differentiation of several cell types. In adult organisms Pax-8 is expressed in the follicular thyroid cell where it interacts with sequences of thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase promoters. In this study, we provide evidence indicating that Pax-8 protein levels regulate thyroglobulin gene transcription.(More)
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis (PCH) is an uncommon pulmonary disorder, with variable clinical features depending on which lung structure is affected, and it is usually linked to pulmonary arterial hypertension. Congenital PCH has been very rarely described and, so far, the only causative gene identified is EIF2AK4, which encodes for a translation(More)
Gene duplication is a major driver of evolutionary divergence. In most vertebrates a single PAX6 gene encodes a transcription factor required for eye, brain, olfactory system, and pancreas development. In zebrafish, following a postulated whole-genome duplication event in an ancestral teleost, duplicates pax6a and pax6b jointly fulfill these roles. Mapping(More)
To explore the effect of fluctuating glucose on endothelial cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated for 14 days in media containing different glucose concentrations: 5 mmol/l, 20 mmol/l, or a daily alternating 5 or 20 mmol/l glucose. Apoptosis was studied by different methods: viability assay, cell cycle analysis, DNA fragmentation, and(More)
TTF-1 and PAX-8 are tissue-specific transcription factors expressed in the thyroid follicular cells, contributing to the maintenance of the differentiated phenotype. In fact, it has been demonstrated that TTF-1 and PAX-8 are able to activate transcription from thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase (TPO) promoters, the transcriptional activity of which is in(More)
We have previously reported Chat insulin receptor expression is in creased in human breast cancer specimens (V. Papa et al., J. Clin. In the present study, in order to further understand the role of the insulin receptor in breast cancer, insulin receptor expression and function were characterized in three human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7, ZR-75-1, and(More)
Apurinic apyrimidinic endonuclease redox effector factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is involved both in the base excision repair (BER) of DNA lesions and in the eukaryotic transcriptional regulation. APE1/Ref-1 is regulated at both the transcriptional and post-translational levels, through control of subcellular localization and post-translational modification. In(More)
Disorders of the developing brain represent a major health problem. The neurological manifestations of brain lesions can range from severe clinical deficits to more subtle neurological signs or behavioral problems and learning disabilities, which often become evident many years after the initial damage. These long-term sequelae are due at least in part to(More)
The homeodomain-containing protein Hex (also named Prh) is expressed in primitive endoderm (during the early phases of development), in some endoderm-derived tissues and in endothelial and hematopoietic precursors. Hex expression is exting-uished during terminal differentiation of endothelial and hematopoietic cells as well as in adult lung. Previous(More)
BACKGROUND The homeobox gene HEX is expressed in several cell types during different phases of animal development. It encodes for a protein localized in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. During early mouse development, HEX is expressed in the primitive endoderm of blastocyst. Later, HEX is expressed in developing thyroid, liver, lung, as well as in(More)