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Most homeodomains bind to DNA sequences containing the motif 5'-TAAT-3'. The homeodomain of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1HD) binds to sequences containing a 5'-CAAG-3' core motif, delineating a new mechanism for differential DNA recognition by homeodomains. We investigated the molecular basis of the DNA binding specificity of TTF-1HD by both(More)
Human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox effector factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a perfect paradigm of the functional complexity of a biological macromolecule. First, it plays a crucial role, by both redox-dependent and -independent mechanisms, as a transcriptional coactivator for different transcription factors, either ubiquitous (i.e., AP-1, Egr-1,(More)
The thyroid follicular cell type is devoted to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Several genes, whose protein products are essential for efficient hormone biosynthesis, are uniquely expressed in this cell type. A set of transcriptional regulators, unique to the thyroid follicular cell type, has been identified as responsible for thyroid specific gene(More)
The prognostic value of combined immunohistochemical analysis for the thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and the proliferation marker MIB-1 was assessed in a consecutive series of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC). Tumor immunoreactivity for TTF-1 and MIB-1 was classified in three groups (-,+,++) and in two groups (-,+), respectively. Comparison(More)
The cDNA for TTF-1, a thyroid nuclear factor that binds to the promoter of thyroid specific genes, has been cloned. The protein encoded by the cDNA shows binding properties indistinguishable from those of TTF-1 present in nuclear extracts of differentiated rat thyroid cells. The DNA binding domain of TTF-1 is a novel mammalian homeodomain that shows(More)
BACKGROUND Periostin is a secreted adhesion protein, normally expressed in mesenchime-derived cells. Aberrant expression of the periostin gene in epithelial tumours seems to play a role in angiogenesis and metastases. AIMS To investigate periostin expression in a consecutive series of breast carcinomas and correlate it with established biological and(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a multisystemic disease caused by the expansion of a CTG repeat, located in the 3'-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. The number of CTG repeats broadly correlates with the overall severity of the disease. However, correlations between CTG repeat number and presence/absence or severity of individual clinical manifestations in(More)
Pax proteins are transcriptional regulators controlling a variety of cell fates during animal development. This role depends on the intact function of the paired (Prd) domain that is able to recognize specific DNA sequences. The Prd domain is composed of two distinct helix-turn-helix subdomains, PAI and RED. Molecular functions of Pax proteins are subjected(More)
It is known that the plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) protein levels are increased in placentas of preeclamptic subjects. Therefore, we assessed whether polymorphisms related to the transcriptional control of the PAI-1 gene (-675 4G/5G and -844G/A) are associated with mild preeclampsia. We compared 52 women with preeclampsia to 80 women with a(More)
The presence of the sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) is the prerequisite for the use of the radioiodine in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Thus, stimulators of NIS expression and function are currently investigated in cellular models of various human malignancies, also including extrathyroid cancers. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the histone(More)