Giuseppe Damante

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The cDNA for TTF-1, a thyroid nuclear factor that binds to the promoter of thyroid specific genes, has been cloned. The protein encoded by the cDNA shows binding properties indistinguishable from those of TTF-1 present in nuclear extracts of differentiated rat thyroid cells. The DNA binding domain of TTF-1 is a novel mammalian homeodomain that shows(More)
To explore the effect of fluctuating glucose on endothelial cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated for 14 days in media containing different glucose concentrations: 5 mmol/l, 20 mmol/l, or a daily alternating 5 or 20 mmol/l glucose. Apoptosis was studied by different methods: viability assay, cell cycle analysis, DNA fragmentation, and(More)
Human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox effector factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a perfect paradigm of the functional complexity of a biological macromolecule. First, it plays a crucial role, by both redox-dependent and -independent mechanisms, as a transcriptional coactivator for different transcription factors, either ubiquitous (i.e., AP-1, Egr-1,(More)
The thyroid follicular cell type is devoted to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Several genes, whose protein products are essential for efficient hormone biosynthesis, are uniquely expressed in this cell type. A set of transcriptional regulators, unique to the thyroid follicular cell type, has been identified as responsible for thyroid specific gene(More)
Most homeodomains bind to DNA sequences containing the motif 5'-TAAT-3'. The homeodomain of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1HD) binds to sequences containing a 5'-CAAG-3' core motif, delineating a new mechanism for differential DNA recognition by homeodomains. We investigated the molecular basis of the DNA binding specificity of TTF-1HD by both(More)
Gene duplication is a major driver of evolutionary divergence. In most vertebrates a single PAX6 gene encodes a transcription factor required for eye, brain, olfactory system, and pancreas development. In zebrafish, following a postulated whole-genome duplication event in an ancestral teleost, duplicates pax6a and pax6b jointly fulfill these roles. Mapping(More)
AIMS Dicer and Drosha are components of the miRNA-producing machinery and their altered expression may play a role in cancer progression. The main purpose of this study was a detailed investigation of Dicer and Drosha expression and localisation in triple-negative breast cancers. METHODS Thirty-one triple-negative breast cancers and several breast cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Periostin is a secreted adhesion protein, normally expressed in mesenchime-derived cells. Aberrant expression of the periostin gene in epithelial tumours seems to play a role in angiogenesis and metastases. AIMS To investigate periostin expression in a consecutive series of breast carcinomas and correlate it with established biological and(More)
It is known that the plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) protein levels are increased in placentas of preeclamptic subjects. Therefore, we assessed whether polymorphisms related to the transcriptional control of the PAI-1 gene (-675 4G/5G and -844G/A) are associated with mild preeclampsia. We compared 52 women with preeclampsia to 80 women with a(More)
BACKGROUND The association between thrombophilic variants (Leiden mutation of the factor V gene, G20210A mutation of the prothrombin gene and C677T polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene) with preeclampsia was investigated in a north-eastern Italian population. METHODS Fifty-eight preeclamptic (PE) women and 74 normal(More)