Giuseppe Crescimanno

Learn More
Parkinson's disease (PD) is known to be a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by a selective degeneration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). A large body of experimental evidence indicates that the factors involved in the pathogenesis of this disease are several, occurring inside and outside(More)
Several recent studies have emphasized a crucial role for the interactions between serotonergic and dopaminergic systems in movement control and the pathophysiology of basal ganglia. These observations are supported by anatomical evidence demonstrating large serotonergic innervation of all the basal ganglia nuclei. In fact, serotonergic terminals have been(More)
The aim of the present article is to provide a methodological description of various approaches to multivariate data handling in the study of rodent behavior. To this purpose, 42 male Wistar rats were tested in an open field, and their behavior was recorded through a digital video camera for a subsequent analysis by means of a software coder. After a(More)
The effect of claustrum (CL) stimulation on the spontaneous unitary activity of ipsi and contralateral frontal oculomotor neurons, was studied in chloralose-anaesthetized cats. A total of 205 units was bilaterally recorded in the medial oculomotor area, homologous of the primate “frontal eye fields” 127 neurons were identified as projecting to the superior(More)
In our previous study we suggested that multivariate analysis could improve hole-board test reliability providing a more useful tool to determine behavioral effects of anxiolytic drugs. To support this hypothesis, a multivariate analysis of rat behavior in hole-board, following administration of the reference anxiolytic drug diazepam, was carried out. Four(More)
The evidence from several studies indicates that as individuals age, they may display immune dysfunctions, mostly T cell dysfunctions. Recently, a soluble form of the receptor for interleukin-2 (IL-2) (sIL-2R) has been demonstrated in human sera and in vitro stimulated culture supernatants from human T lymphocytes. In the present paper, we report in vitro(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate, by means of quantitative and multivariate analyses, the effects of diazepam on the behavioral structure of the rat's response to pain in the hot-plate test as well as whether such changes are associated with drug-induced effects on anxiety and/or nociception. To this purpose, ten groups of male Wistar rats were(More)
The electrophysiological relationships between the claustrum and the contralateral motor areas of the cerebral cortex were studied in anaesthetized cats. The extracellular unitary activity of 207 pyramidal tract neurons (PTNs) was recorded from area 4 (125 cells) and area 6 (82 cells). Single shock activation of the contralateral claustrum affected 26% of(More)
The influence of claustrum stimulation on spontaneous unitary activity of the ipsilateral frontal oculomotor area was analyzed in anesthetized cats. Sixty-five neurons were isolated, 37 of which (57%) were identified as projecting to the superior colliculus; on 12 of these last units (32%), electrical activation of the dorsal claustrum provoked an(More)
Aim of present research was to assess, by means of descriptive and multivariate approaches, in Wistar rats tested in hole-board apparatus, whether a microstructure of hole-exploratory behavior may be identified in the behavioral response to anxiety. Two groups of 15 subjects were tested: one received 1 ml of saline IP and one was IP injected with diazepam(More)