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Medical treatment of acromegaly with dopamine agonists possesses 2 main advantages: the oral administration and the low costs. In this study, we reported on the results of chronic treatments with quinagolide (CV 205-502), cabergoline (CAB) and long-acting depot preparation of bromocriptine (BRC-LAR) in 34 acromegalics. Patients were divided into three(More)
Patients with Cushing's disease (CD) mainly die because of cardiovascular accidents. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with CD still have increased cardiovascular risk and suffer from premature atherosclerosis once cured. Fifteen patients cured from CD for a long term period (5 yr), 30 sex-and age-matched controls, and 30 body mass(More)
BACKGROUND Cushing's disease is characterized by abnormalities of immune function. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), after successful treatment and the possible association between previous nodular goitre or positive thyroid autoantibodies during the active phase of CD and the(More)
Several evidences indicate that GH and/or insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) are involved in the regulation of cardiovascular function. In patients with childhood and adulthood-onset GH deficiency (GHD), the impairment of cardiac performance is manifest primarily as a reduction in the left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), inadequacy of LV ejection fraction(More)
The aim of the present study was to correlate the degree of the GH response to the combined arginine and GHRH (ARG+GHRH) test with clinical status in 157 adult hypopituitary patients and 35 healthy controls. On the basis of the GH response to ARG+GHRH, the 192 subjects were subdivided into 5 groups: group 1, very severe GH deficiency (GHD; 65 patients with(More)
The role of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in prostate development is currently under thorough investigation because it has been claimed that IGF-I is a positive predictor of prostate cancer. To assess the effect of GH and IGF-I levels on prostate pathophysiology, 46 acromegalic (30 in active disease, 10 cured from acromegaly, and 6 affected from GH(More)
Octreotide (OCT) administration provides a biochemical cure in most acromegalic patients. This drug, however, causes several side effects and is very expensive. Acute testing has been reported to predict chronic responsiveness to OCT administration. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate which test, if any, among acute testing, short-term (1(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a galactose-based ultrasonographic contrast agent, Levovist (Schering AG, Berlin, Germany), in differentiating benign from malignant thyroid nodules by analysis of the time-intensity curves correlating the variation of the intensity signal value during the contrast transit time. Fifty-four(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with acromegaly have an increased morbidity and mortality for cardiovascular diseases. Despite the increasing evidence for the existence of a specific cardiomyopathy in acromegaly, the presence of vascular abnormalities has been never investigated. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cardiovascular risk and premature atherosclerosis in(More)
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a long-term treatment with sodium valproate in 19 patients with Cushing's disease. Before therapy beginning, the patients were subjected to acute test with 600 mg sodium valproate. Then, they were subjected to a 3-month therapy with sodium valproate at the dose of 600 mg/day before surgery(More)